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Psych Ch. 11: Motivation and Work
Terms in this set (23)
A psychological needs creates an aroused state which motivates an organism to fulfill this need
Order of Maslow's hierarchy of need
From base to top: Psychological needs, Safety needs, Belongingness and love needs, Esteem needs, self-actualization needs, self-transcendence needs.
Form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides energy to body tissues.
When _____ level is low, we feel hungry
Hormone secreted by the pancreas. Increases of this hormone diminish blood glucose by converting it into stored fat
A neural arc found in the hypothalamus that that secretes appetite-stimulating hormones and appetite-suppressing hormones
Hunger arousing hormone secreted by an empty stomach
Point where an individuals weight thermostat is set. When the body falls below this weight, there will be an increase in hunger and lowered metabolic rate.
Our bodies regulate weight through ____, _____, and _____
Food intake, energy output and basal metabolic rate
Basal Metabolic Rate
The rate of energy expenditure for maintaining basic body functions while the body is at rest
Why do we crave carbs when feeling tense or depressed?
Carbs help boost levels of seretonin
Reports body fat to the brain
Sexual Response Cycle
1. Excitement phase. 2. Plateau phase. 3. Orgasm. 4. Resolution phase (refractory period)
Focused state of consciousness with diminished awareness of self and time = optimal engagement in ones skills
Application of psych concepts to optimizing human behaviour in workplaces
Subfield of I/O Psych. Focuses on employee recruitment, placing, training, development
Subfield of I/O Psych. Examine organizational influences on worker, satisfaction, productivity.
Human Factors Psychology
Subfield of I/O Psych. Examines how people and machines interact, how environments can be made safe and easy to use.
A structured approach of collecting information, only asking job-relevant questions
Desire for a significant accomplishment.
Goal orientated leadership that sets standards, organizes works, focuses attention on goals.
Group orientated leadership that focuses on teamwork, mediating conflicts and offers support
Human Factors Psychologists
Test designs and instructions on real people. Help fit designs to our natural perceptions and inclinations
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