How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

41 terms

Test 1 : Greek and Roman Contributions to Civilization

Mrs. Palmer's Advanced Modern World History (9th Grade Honors) Test 1: Greek Contributions to Civilization
STUDY
PLAY
philosophy
"philo" - love
"sophy" - knowledge
Lover(s) of knowledge
Socrates
-Father of Philospohy
-First teacher, very untraditional
-Hung out at the "agora" (market place)
-Question and answer technique (socratic method)
- Arrested and Killed for "corrupting of Athen's youth"
Three Teachings of Socrates
1.) Know thyself
2.) Question Everything
3.) Search for truth
Plato
Socrate's best student who recorded Socrates teachings in philosophy after his death. Opened the first school of Philosophy called the Academy. Also used dialouge to find the truth.
"The Republic"
Plato's the book on the government and perfect utopian society.
Aristotle
Opens the school "Lycumm" which taught philosophy, math, and science. Tutored Alexander the Great, and said "All things in Moderation" Two many books and teachings to count. Was Plato's student.
Comedies
A play where the hero wasn't suffering
Tragedies
A type of play where the hero suffers
Sophocles' Oedipus Rex
Oedipus the King (rex). Theme : Man trying to overcome his fate (destiny)
epic
The type of poem like Homer's "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey"
Pythagoras
Developed the therom A² + B² = C²
Relationship between the lengths and sides of right triangles
Hippocrates
"Father of Medicene"
Opened the first school of medicene and instituted the Hippocratic oath of becoming a doctor (still used today)
Hippocratic Oath
- I must do my best for you and cannot do any hurt or wrong intentionally
- I will give no deadly drug, even if it is asked of me
- In the house I enter I can not do any misdoings or have any corruption
- Everything I hear is a sacred secret
Democritus
"Father of the Atom"
All living things are composed of atom
Aristarchus
Earth and the planets revolve around the sun
Euclid
"Father of Geometry"
Eratosthenes
Said that the Earth was round and accurately estimated the Earth's circumference (how far around something is)
column
The greeks contributed this to the world of architecture
Doric
A simple column
Ionic
The moderatly ornate column "scrolling"
Corinthian
VERY ornate column "curly q's"
Acropolis
"High City" temple of Athena, up in in the city of athens
Parthenon
"best example of Greek Architecture"
Sculpture
This had emphasis on the human anatomy, beauty of the human body, detailed to the extreme, and you can see movement
"Winged Victory"
The statue of Nike without the head in 190 B.C. You can see the belly button, feather lines, and rippling of the dress.
French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and Romanian
The five romance languages based on Latin are:
oma
This word is a medical term used for tumor
itis
This word is a medical term which means swelling or inflammation
ectomy
The medical term means to take out or remove from body
binomial nomenclature
Helps us organize the type of animals and classes of nature. Homo sapiens
Ante Meridian
Means the A.M. hours of morning
Post Meridian
Means the P.M. of the hours of afternoon
MCMXCVII
The roman numeral for 1997 is:
MDCLXV
The roman numeral for 1665 is:
1784
The roman numeral MDCCLXXXIV means what year?
ancient history
the time zone spanning from 4,000 to 500 AD. Starts at the first written record of history in 4,000 and ends at the fall of rome in 500 AD.
Anno Domini
The the letters A.D. are the words ___ ___ in Latin
"In the year of my lord"
Anno Domini means what in Latin?
Medieval History
The "Middle" Period of history starts at the fall of Rome in 500 AD and ends at the "Renaissance" in 1400 AD.
Modern History
Begins with the Renaissance in 1400 AD to this modern day. Everyone started to write again and the rebirth of ancient history
200 AD
Rome conqures Greece in this year

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.