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15 terms

Computer Review

STUDY
PLAY
CPU
the central processing unit. the processing chip that is the "BRAIN" of the computer.
Ethernet
a common way of networking computers in a LAN. A protocol for fast communication and file transfer across a network.
Defragment
(also "optimize") to concatenate fragments of data into contiguous blocks in memory or on a hard drive.
Hard Drive
a large capacity storage device made of multiple disks housed in a rigid case.
Download
to transfer data from one computer to another.
DOS
Disk Operating System.
Bus
an electronic pathway through which data is transmitted between components in a computer.
RAM
Random Access Memory
Upload
to send a file from one computer to another through a network.
LAN
Local Area Network
Application Software
the software that's running on your computer such as the pharmacy software program.
File Server
a computer that controls which other computers are allowed access to its storage media.
Client
a computer that is able to access the resources of other computers on the network.
Firewall
a combination of hardware and software that acts as a "gatekeeper" to restrict other computers from gaining access to data.
Crash
a system "malfunction" in which the computer stops working and has to be restarted.