As bad as the economic and physical situation was for Southern blacks in the aftermath of the Civil War, conditions were even worse for the region's white population.
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Terms in this set (41)
In the 1870s, the expanded printing of greenback paper currency was advocated by those, especially debtors, who believed that inflation would help the economy.TrueIn the context of Reconstruction, "redeemed" was used to refer to freedmen who had returned to their original slave plantations as workers after running away during or immediately following the war.FalseThe CrŽdit Mobilier was a railroad construction company involved in scandal during the Grant administration.TrueHamilton Fish was Grant's secretary of state whose action worsened relations between the United States and Great BritainFalseAlaska was called "Seward's Folly" because of his abortive attempt to sell the territory to the Russian czar as a method of financing the cost of maintaining troops in the South during Reconstruction.Falsen the period from the end of Reconstruction into the twentieth century, the Democratic Party was the political party of the vast majority of Southern whitesTrueIn general, the "Redeemer" ("Bourbon") political regimes were inclined to raise taxes to expand services, especially public educationFalseBy 1900 the portion of the nation's manufacturing output produced in the South was about three times what it had been on the eve of the Civil War.FalseThe portion of Southern farmers who were tenants, cash or sharecrop, increased markedly from Reconstruction to 1900.TrueIn the period from Reconstruction to 1900, the crop-lien system helped force many Southern back country farmers in the piney woods and mountains from cash crop commercial farming into a ruggedly independent sort of subsistence farming.FalseBy the late 1890s, a significantly smaller portion of Southern blacks was allowed to vote than in the late 1860s.TrueThe Thirteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution:officially ended slaveryThe Fourteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution:granted "citizenship" to the freedmenThe Fifteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution:declared that the right to vote could not be denied on account of race.Which faction of the Republican Party wanted Reconstruction to punish the former Confederacy, disfranchise large numbers of Southern whites, and confiscate the property of leading Confederates?RadicalsWhich best describes Congressional reaction to the former Confederate states that had set up new governments under Andrew Johnson's "presidential Reconstruction"?They refused to seat the senators and representatives from the states and set up a committee to investigate and advise on Reconstruction.The "Black Codes" were a set of regulations established by:the Southern states to promote white supremacy and to control the economic and social activities of the freedmen.Which of the following, if any, was not a provision of the congressional plan of Reconstruction enacted in early 1867?Declaring that each state must present a plan for distributing farmland to or providing jobs for the former slavesCritics of native Southern whites who joined the Republican Party called them:scalawagsWhich best describes the extent of "Negro rule" in the Southern states during Reconstruction?African Americans played a significant political role in several states but never elected a governor or controlled a state legislatureThe key point of contact in the agricultural credit system for most Southern farmers, black and white, in the late nineteenth century was:local country store merchants.In the late nineteenth century, the agricultural credit system in the South encouraged farmers to:rely heavily on cash crops-especially cotton.Ulysses S. Grant's election as president was largely a result of his being:a triumphant commanding general of the Union army.Which of the following, if any, was not associated with the "Compromise of 1877"?1) Removal of the last federal troops from the South 2) Increased federal aid for railroads and other internal improvements 3) Appointment of a Southerner to the cabinet 4) Making Rutherford B. Hayes presidentWhich of the following, if any, is not cited by the text as a reason that Reconstruction failed to accomplish more to promote racial equality in the United States?Fear that harsh action might lead to resumed military action by the Southern states, even though they had been defeatedThe "solid" South refers to the:fact that the Democratic Party could count on the votes of the Southern states after Reconstruction.In most Southern states, the "Redeemers" or "Bourbons" were typically composed of:a newly emerging class of merchants, industrialists, railroad developers, and financiersHenry W. Grady was:an Atlanta editor who became a leading spokesman for the "New South" idea.Booker T. Washington's principal message to African Americans was that they should:concentrate on practical, industrial education and work toward adopting the standards of the white middle class."Jim Crow" is a nickname for:black people who curried favor with whites by acting excessively polite and deferential.In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) the U. S. Supreme Court established the general principle that:states could require separate accommodations on trains, in schools, etc. , for blacks and whites as long as the accommodations were equal.