Art 1 Terms
Terms in this set (75)
a style of art that uses shapes, designs, textures, and colors in a way that many not look real but emphasizes moods or feelings
colors that are closely related, such as blue, blue-violet, and violet-all of which have the color blue in common. Families of analogous colors include the warm colors (red, orange, and yellows) and the cool colors (blue, green and violet)
parts of an artwork that are in the distance and lie behind objects in the foreground
a principle of design that refers to the arrangement of elements in a work of art. There are three kinds of balance: symmetrical (formal balance); asymmetrical (informal balance); and radial (from the center)
a style of art that stresses fancy swirling curves, large works of art, elaborate detail and ornamentation and dramatic contrasts of light and shade. The Baroque period followed the Renaissance in Europe during the 1600s.
Blind Contour Drawing
a kind of drawing done in one continuous line, in which the pencil is kept moving while the eyes remain on the object, never looking down at the paper.
a picture in which a person's distinctive features, such as nose, ears, or mouth, are distorted or exaggerated
shadows made on the ground by objects
a work of art created by gluing bits of paper, fabric, scraps, photographs, or other materials to a flat surface
the hue, value, and intensity of an object. The primary colors are red, yellow and blue; every color except white can be created by combining these three colors. Color is an important element of design.
colors that are opposites on the color wheel and contrast with each other. When two complementary colors are mixed together, they make brown or gray. When they are used side by side in a work of art, they create interesting contrasts.
the arrangement or design of elements of an artwork to achieve balance, contrast, rhythm, emphasis and unity and to make it an effective expression of the artist's idea. The term also refers to any work of art
the outline or edge of a figure or object. In contour drawing, a single, continuous line is used to draw the outline of an object.
a large difference between two things; for example, hot and cold, yellow and purple, and light and shadow. contrasting patterns or colors add excitement, drama, and interest to a picture.
the family of related colors ranging from the greens through the blues and violets
to analyze and evaluate an artwork, making judgments of its merit, value, meaning or relevance, technique and design. The word also refers to such a written or spoken evaluation.
shading done by drawing closely set parallel lines that crisscross. Cross-hatching is used to show light and shadow in drawings, paintings, and engravings.
mixed or composite images presented as if viewed from many different angles. This style created a greater breakdown of form changing pictorial space, shattering 400 year old conventions.
the third dimension of front to back or near to far, represented in an artwork by the actual or apparent distance from bottom to top or front to back. Techniques of perspective are used to create the illusion of depth in a two-dimensional painting.
an organized and creative arrangement of the elements of an artwork, including lines, shapes, textures, spaces and colors.
the part of a design that is most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object, line, shape, or texture.
elements of art
basic parts which are put together to compose an artwork. These include line, shape, space, texture, color and value.
accent, stress or importance of a part of an artwork. Opposing sizes, shapes, and lines, contrasting colors, closer detail and intense bright color are all used to emphasize, or draw attention to, certain areas or objects in a work of art. Emphasis is a principle of design.
a style of art in which the artist communicates highly personal and emotional feelings by using strong colors, distorted forms and bold, simplified lines. The style originated in Europe in the late 19th and early 20th century.
a thin liquid that is sprayed over pastels and drawings to keep them from smudging or rbbing off the paper.
the organization of masses, shapes or groups of elements in an artwork; the plan or design of a work of art; unit in an artwork that is defined or set apart by a definite contour; to give shape to an artwork.
an object not originally intended to be used as art, but treated as art or included in an assembled work of art by a artist. a found object may be natural or man-made. the use of found objects is a 20th century art form.
drawn or sketched by hand without measuring and without using tracing paper, ruler, compass, or any other drawing instruments.
quick, scribbled drawing to capture the basic form and indicate the main movement of lines in a figure. also, body positions and expressions shown in a work of art.
a glasslike coating applied to the surface of pottery or ceramics by dipping or painting it on, and then fired in a kiln to produce a hard colored shiny or matte surface
a network of horizontal and vertical lines forming squares or rectangles, used as a guide for reproducing accurate drawings.
a style of modern art that uses even, flat colors and shapes defined with sharp, clean edges. This technique is often used in advertising art.
another word for color, such as red, yellow, or green.
an artist who tries to show the effects of light on different things, especially color. Impressionists use unblended dots of pure color placed close together to create a mood or impression of a scene.
the brightness or dullness of a hue or color. For example, the intensity of the pure color blue is very bright; if a lighter or a darker color is added to blue, the intensity is less bright.
a view of natural outdoor scenery, such as mountains, rivers, fields, or forests
an element of design that refers to a path of a moving point through space which can vary in width, direction, length, curvature and color. Lines can be two-dimensional or implied, or they can define three dimensional contours.
showing depth and distance in a picture with converging lines. In linear perspective, lines that are parallel in nature get closer together and objects get smaller in the distance.
an art style in which invention, imagination, and refinement were considered more important than realism. the style is characterized by distorted perspective, scale and proportion, especially in long, stretched-out figures, and by exaggerated colors. Mannerism was developed in Europe in the late 16th century as a reaction against the focus on realism in the preceding Renaissance period.
the material an artist uses (oil, watercolor, pen, chalk)
the part of a work of art that lies between the foreground and the background
a painting done in variations of a single color, made by adding black or white to the basic hue o create its shades and tints.
a large painting that covers a wall. It can be painted directly on the wall, or on wood, paper, or canvas to be attached to the wall.
something that cannot be seen through; the opposite of transparent.
artwork made using oil, tempera, watercolor, acrylic, or other kinds of paint, applied with a brush or other tool. the term also refers to the act of creating such an artwork
the representation of 3-dimensional objects on a flat, 2-dimensional surface. perspective is achieved by creating a sense of depth and distance. there are 2 types of perspective: linear and atmospheric.
a method of painting developed in France in the 1880s in which tiny dots of color are applied to a canvas. when viewed from a distance, the points of color appear to blend together to make other colors and to form shapes and outlines. Pointilism was part of the Postimpressionist movement.
a style of art based on the everyday, popular things around us, including comic strips, popular foods, and brand-name packages. The style developed in the 1950s and 1960s, mainly in New York and London
French painters at the end of 19th century who tried to express emotion as well as form in their paintings. They reacted against the formlessness and unfeeling objectivity of Impressionism and are considered to be the fathers of modern art. Gauguin, Van Gogh, Matisse, and Cezanne were postimpressionists.
a sketch made to plan or determine the basic arrangement of a design or a more complete artwork. a preliminary sketch is simpler and often smaller than the final piece of art, but contains the same outlines and proportions
the hues red, yellow, and blue, which in different combinations produce all other colors except white. The primary colors cannot be produced by mixing any other colors together.
principles of design
guidelines that aid in effectively arranging and composing designs. These include balance, contrast, variety, pattern, rhythm, emphasis, and unity.
the relationship of the size of one part to another or to the whole. in painting and sculpture, for example, an artist tries to achieve the right size or proportion of a nose to a head, and a head to a body.
looking like real people, objects, or places as we actually see them. Realistic art portrays lifelike colors, textures, shadows, proportions, and arrangements.
an art mode halfway between solid sculpture and flat painting, in which figures rise up from a background that is flat or has hollowed-out parts.
a period that began in Italy after the Middle Ages and lasted from about A.D. 1400-1600. the period was characterized by renewed interest in ancient Greece and Rome and their philosophies, including an emphasis on human being, their environment, science, and philosophy.
repeating lines, shapes, colors, or patterns in a work of art
regular repetition of lines, shapes, colors, or patterns in a work of art
colors created by combining two of the three primary colors, red, yellow, and blue. the secondary colors are orange, green, and purple.
a color to which black or another dark hue has been added to make it darker.
an outline of a solid shape without any details inside, like a shadow. Most silhouettes are of a person's profile, done in black or another dark solid color, and attached to a light background
a simple, quick, rough drawing done without a lot of detail but catching the chief features and a general impression of an object or scene. sketches are usually made in preparation of a later, more detailed work.
an element of design that refers to the visual or actual area within and around shapes or forms. positive space defines the contents of a shape or form, bound by edges or surfaces. Negative space refers to the area around the shape or form.
a drawing or painting of an arrangement of nonmoving, nonliving objects, such as fruit, flowers, or bottles. Usually, a still life is set indoors and contains at least one man-made object, such as a vase or bowl
a style of painting based on dreams, the fantastic, and the irrational. in surrealism, artists picture unusual or impossible combinations of objects painted in a realistic way.
something that stands for something else, especially a letter, figure, or sign that represents a real object or idea.
the use of a figure or design to stand for something else. something concrete, such as a lion, is usually used to represent an abstract quality, such as courage.
having a kind of balance in which things on each side of a center line are identical. for example, the two halves of a person's face are symmetrical. the principle of symmetry is important in drawing portraits.
a color to which white has been added
allowing light to pass through so that objects can be clearly seen underneath; the opposite of opaque.
a principle of design whereby all parts of a work of art are interrelated, balanced, and organized to achieve a quality of oneness
the lightness or darkness of tones or colors. white and yellow have a light value. black and purple have a dark value
in linear perspective, the place on the horizon where parallel lines seem to meet on converge
the family of related colors ranging from the reds through the oranges and yellows
a transparent paint made by mixing powdered colors with a binding agent and water. the term also refers to a painting done with watercolors.