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Terms in this set (23)
The point in time when the maximum rate of global petroleum extraction is reached, after which the rate of production enters terminal decline
contain high percentages of carbon and include coal, petroleum, and natural gas; They range from volatile materials with low carbon:hydrogen ratios like methane, to liquid petroleum to nonvolatile materials composed of almost pure carbon, like anthracite coal
Part of Energy Act of 2005 exempting oil and gas producers from requirements of Safe Drinking Water Act
Genetically Modified Organism. Golden Rice, Atlantic salmon, Innate potato
a wide area transmission network that makes it possible to trade high volumes of electricity across great distances. It is sometimes also referred to as a "mega grid"
Corporate Average Fuel Economy;
manufacturers' fleets are required to meet in that model year, specific levels depending on the characteristics and mix of vehicles produced by each manufacturer;
Renewable Portfolio Standards
regulation that requires the increased production of energy from renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, biomass, and geothermal.
needs 80,000 gal of water per well in New England (mainly Pennsylvania)
a major source of shale gas and produces natural gas along a swath along northern Michigan extending to Ohio and Indiana
a rock formation that was deposited in Eastern Montana/Western North Dakota
Technically Recoverable Resource
describes the amount of a fossil fuel that can be extracted from a location given current technology
situation in which an agency is dominated, or captured, by the industry it regulates; a captured agency tends to favor the industry it is meant to regulate more than public interest
The introduction of a gene or genes into animal or plant cells, which leads to the transmission of the input gene to successive generations
is the process of creating fissures, or fractures, in underground formations by pumping water, sand, and other additives under high pressure into the formations to allow natural gas and oil to flow. this process has allowed the oil and gas industry to open many new oil and gas fields in shale rock, expanding supplies of those fuels.
A resource that has a theoretically unlimited supply and is not depleted when used by humans.
Offshore wind potential
Assuming ___ can be located at all depths, Michigan could potential generate 321,936 Megawatts(Mw) of electricity. More consistent energy but more expensive
A voluntary payment to another entity intended to enable that entity to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that one is unable or unwilling to reduce oneself. The payment thus offsets one's own emissions.
Energy Act of 2005
Exempts fracking wells from being reclassified as "injection wells" and thus not subject to the EPA enforcement of the 1974 Safe Drinking Water Act
system of monitoring and billing that allows on-site generators to send excess electricity flows to the regional power grid; these electricity flows offset a portion of the electricity flows drawn from the grid
Solar Renewable Energy Credits
represent the environmental attributes from a ____ facility, and are produced each time a solar system produces one thousand Kilowatt-hours (KWh) of production
Waste that contaminates the water in wells from hydraulic fracturing. Gel that is used for lubrication during hydraulic fracturing in the well. Uses 3-12 additive chemicals. Helps keep the fractures open.
Fukushima Nuclear Disaster
Tsunami disabled the power supply and the cooling of 3 reactors caused it. Did not follow the rules very carefully. Flooded the power. Only had enough backup energy to last 8 hours. Everything over heated and it exploded
is a discipline in genetics that applies recombinant DNA, DNA sequencing methods, and bioinformatics to sequence, assemble, and analyze the function and structure of genomes
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