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CHAPTER 2: NUTRITIONAL STATUS (How do we know who is well-nourished?)
Terms in this set (4)
MALNUTRITION (2 FORMS)
1.) Undernutrition = can lead to nutritional deficiencies
2.) Overnutrition = can lead to obesity and poor health, nutritional toxicity, and overconsumption of vitamin & minerals
ABCDs of NUTRITIONAL STATUS ASSESSMENT
6 TYPES OF DRIs
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): A set of 4 types of nutrient intake reference standards used to assess and plan dietary intake; these include the Estimated Average Requirements (EARs), Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), Adequate Intake levels (AIs), and the Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs). DRIs are only estimates of nutrient requirements and intake goals in a healthy population.
1. Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA): Average chronic intake level that meets the nutrient requirements of 97% of healthy people.
2. Estimated Average Requirements (EAR): The amount of a nutrient that meets the physiological requirements of half the healthy population of similar individuals.
3. Adequate Intake Levels (AI): Nutrient intake of healthy populations that appears to support adequate nutritional status; established when RDAs cannot be determined.
4. Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (UL): The highest level of chronic intake of a nutrient thought to be not detrimental to health.
5. Estimated Energy Requirement (EER): Average energy intake required to maintain energy balance in healthy individuals based on sex, age, physical activity level, weight, and height.
6. Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDR): Recommendations concerning the distribution or percentages of energy from each of the macronutrient groups.
Amount of nutrients in a food relative to its energy (kcal) content. Nonfat milk is more nutrient dense that 2% or whole milk because it has more calcium and kilocalories.
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