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Classical Mythology Exam 1
Terms in this set (30)
"What is Myth?"
A myth is a story that is part of the Greek story-world ; set in the distant past; has cultural relevance.
Mortal, angered Zeus and tried Thanatos (God of DEATH) punished to roll a boulder up his forever. Trickster Character.
Monstrous child of Gaia and Tartaros. Typhoeus challenges Zeus' rule in the Theogony and is eventually defeated by him. The world becomes free of monsters.
the study of myths
Characteristics of Myth:
Focus on Heroes of the Past
Adept to Change (Variants)
Were expected by Greeks to be fluid
Where HEAVILY Greek centered
Many Gods and Goddesses
Very Eurocentric, had political boundaries, city-states, and emphasis on Language (people who didn't speak Greek 'barbarians') Thought of the past in "Then" and "Now"
Dark Iron Age
The Mediterranean society that formed on the island of Crete. They did not Speak Greek and created Linear A, the alphabet they used inspired by Egyptians. Had a King named Minos.
first Greek-speaking people; invaded Minoans; dominated Greek (Linear B) world 1400 B.C. to 1200 B.C.; sea traders; lived in separate city-states; invovled in Trojan War against Troy (which is not true/romantized)
The creation of writing, alphabet, Olympic Games and population surge w/ colonization and Homer and Hesoid happened in what period?
The Persian Wars, philosophy, Drama (tragedy), History and Myth, along with Greek sense of identity and Beginning of Military in Athens happened when?
Alexander the Great, Philip II Macedon, and Myths coming under criticism (What do they mean), and collecting myths happened when?
Adopt Greek lifestyle (plus myth), contact through Italy,
conquer Greece, myth canonized and sign of status.
Religon: The basics
Polytheistic, anthropomorphic, Immortal Gods, No Good vs. Evil, No Canonical Text, Drank Necter, Amborisa, and Smoke
Sacred Place, natural or artificial. Had a dividing line and altar (outside)
Ritual and Sacrifice
Proper acts done in an order. First fruit, liberation, and blood sacrifice
Greek Creation (Succession) Myth
Ouranos (sky) mates violently with Gaia (Earth) creates titans (chronos) sickle used to castrate Ouranos. Chronos and Rhea have children, Chronos eats them is tricked by Rhea w/ a rock. Zeus overthrows him, saves siblings, and chronos improsoned in Tartarus.
Six Major Gods.
Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia
Near Eastern Creation Myths
inscribed on cuneiform tablets; some 5,000 years ago, the Sumerians of Mesopotamia conceived of the earth as flat and the sky as a canopy of clouds and stars. They believed earth and sky were created by two gods: An, the male sky god, and Ki, the female earth god, who then gave birth to more gods
The Babylonian Creation Myth: Marduk, son of Damkina and Ea defeats tiamats demon army led by quingu, becomes the forever god afterwords.
Childern of Gaia
By parthenagenis: Sea (pontos), Furies, Giants, Ash-tree Nymphs.
Childern of Gaia and Ournos:
12 titans, Cronos (youngest) Rhea, Themis (law and order), mmenosyne
Daughters of Night (The Fates)
clotho, Lachesis, Atropos- spun thread dictating a persons life.
The goddess of witchcraft
Childern of Zeus
Ares (war), Hermes (messenger), Dioniyos (wine), Apollo (poetry), Artemis (the hunt), Athena (war and wisdom), Aphrodite (sex)
Goddess of hearth and home
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