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94 terms

Music Appreciation Unit 1

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chromatic
a 12 tone scale, including all the semitones in the octave is called:
a key
a group of related tones with a common center, a tonic, is called:
it has a lowered third degree
What characterizes the minor scale?
an interval
the distance between 2 pitches
duple
meter most likely associated with a march
countermelody
one melody added to, or played against, another melody is called a
measures
meter is marked off in groups called
compound meters
meters in which each beat is subdivided into 3 rather than 2 are known as
polyrhythm
the simultaneous use of two or more rhythmic patters is called
harmony
the depth resulting from simultaneous events in music is described by the term
homophonic
most traditional and contemporary popular songs are performed in ________ texture
imitation
the procedure in which a melodic idea is presented in one voice and then restated in another is called
form
the quality of work of art that represents structure or shape refers to its
repition and contrast
the basic structural concepts in the element of form are
strophic form
a vocal work in which each poetic stanza is sung to the same melody is in :
improvisation
the technique through which performers create music on the spot is known as:
motives
a basic technique in thematic development is the fragmentation of themes into:
call and response
a singing style that features a leader who is imitated by a group is called:
all of the above
ostinato procedure, or the repetitive use of short melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic patterns is common in:
a) rock
b) blues
c) jazz
d) all of the above
presto
Which is not a slow tempo?
a) grave
b) largo
c) presto
d) adagio
crescendo
the gradual swelling of volume
expressive content
The markings for tempo and dynamics contribute most directly to:
a) expressive content
b) the form
c) the thematic development
d) the tonality
timbre
the color of a tone
aerophones
instruments that produce sound by using air as the vibrating means are called:
membranophones
drum-type instruments fall into this category
oral transmission
the preservation of music without the help of written notation is called
spiritual songs and spirituals at a revival
Which is not considered entertainment:
a) symphonies
b) jazz and blues
c) Japanese music performed in tea houses
d) spirituals sung at revivals
8
How many notes in a scale does an octave span?
12
In Western music, the octave is divided into how many equal intervals?
C# or Db
on the piano, the black key between C and D
pitch
highness or lowness of tone
rhythm
the controlled movement of music in time
timbre
quality of sound distinguishing one voiceor instrument from another
texture
harmonic and melodic interweaving
dynamics
loudness or softness
frequency
number of vibrations/ second
higher
If the vibration is faster the tone will sound ________
note
a musical sound on paper
duration
the length of time the vibration can be heard
acoustic music
music produced without electronics especially amplifiers
sound
vibrations perceived by the human ear, a musical sound is described by the pitch and duration
vibration
fluctuation of pitch used to make a higher or lower sound
amplitude
degree of loudness or softness
pitch
highness or lowness of tone
hertz
a measurement of frequency
decibel
a unit of measurement for amplitude or volume
note
a musical symbol denoting pitch and duration
duration
length of time something lasts
volume
degree of loudness or softness
frequency
rate of vibration of a string or column of air which determines pitch
noise
sounds without distinct pitch
climax
the high point in a melodic line, which usually represents a peak in intensity as well as range
countermelody
the relative importance of one melody over thee other is clear, the added tune is called a ________
conjunct
smooth, connected melody that moves principally by small intervals
disjunct
disjointed or disconnected melody with many leaps
interval
the distance between pitches
phrase
a unit of meaning within a larger structure
cadence
ends a phrase in a resting place which punctuates the music in the same way that a comma or a period punctuates a sentence
additive meter
patterns of beats that subdivide into smaller, irregular groups; common in certain Eastern European musics
range
the distance between the highest and lowest note
contour
overall shape as it turns upward, downward, or remains static
duple meter
the most basic pattern, alternates a strong beat with a weak one
offbeat
a weak beat or any pulse between beats in a measured rhythmic pattern
polyrhythm
the simultaneous use of several rhythmic patterns or meters, common in 20th century music and in certain African musics
meters
organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses are called ______
measures
rhythmic pulses are marked off in _____
mearsure lines
measures are marked off by ________
downbeat
first accented beat of each pattern
rhythmic complexities
occur with upbeats offbeats, syncopation, and polyrhythm
additive meters
used in some world music
nonmetric
some music is ______ or has an obscured pulse
downbeat
measures often begin with a strong ________
simple meters
duple, triple, and quadruple are the most common
compound meters
subdivide each beat into three, rather than 2, subbeats
triple meter
has 3 beats to a measure- one strong beat and two weak ones
rhythm
is what moves music forward in time
meter
marked off in measures, organizes the beats in music
compound meters
the beat is subdivided into 3
simple meters
meters which the beat has duple subdivisions
quadruple meter
contains 4 beats to a measure, primary accent on the first beat and a secondary accent on the third
upbeat
last beat of the measure, a weak beat, which anticipates the downbeat
syncopation
a deliberate upsetting of the normal pattern of accentuation
sextuple meter
most common compound meter, 6 beats to a measure, with accents on beats 1 and 4
harmony
the simultaneous events in music
chord
the simultaneous sounding of 3 or more pitches
scale
chords are built from a particular _____
scale
sequence of pitches
triad
most common chord in Western Music has 3 notes built on alternate pitches of a scale
tonic
the central tone around which melody and its harmonies are built
tonality
central tone around whihc a melody and its harmonies are built; this principle of organization is called _____
dissonance
created by an unstable, or discordant, harmony
consonance
occurs with the resolution of dissonance, producing a concordant sound
drone
a single sustained tone or ______, constitutes the harmony
octave
interval of 8 notes