How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

45 terms

Micro biology chpt 10

STUDY
PLAY
classification, common, relationship
Taxonomy:
-Science of organism ______
-Identifies organism to all scientists
-Eliminates confusion of ______ names
-Establishes ______ between groups of microbes
Carolus Linnaeus
Binomial nomenclature (2 names) was invented by who in (1735)?
genus
Nomenclature rules:
1st name = ______ (noun)
species
Nomenclature rules:
2nd name = ______ /specific epithet (adjective)
both
Nomenclature rules:
Underline or italicize (NOT _____)
second
Nomenclature rules:
____ time mentioned:
S. aureus or same thing underlined.
disease, where
Names of microbes based on:
Appearance, _______, researcher, _____ it is found
relationships
In taxonomy, the Heirarchy represents evolutionary/phylogenetic _______.
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
What are the three domains?
archaea
According to rRNA typing, which domain is closest to eukarya?
bacteria
According to rRNA typing, which domain was the first to split first?
r, lipid, t, antibiotic
Classification of Domain:
-differences in ribosomes (___RNA)
-membrane _____ & cell wall structure
-__RNA
-_____ sensitivity
lack
Archae: cell walls (if any) ______ Peptidoglycan.
prokaryotic
Domains Archaea and Bacteria:
-Both are _________
*no nucleus
extremophiles, methanogens, extreme halophiles, extreme thermophiles
Name the 4 types of Archeae.
metabolic
Extremophiles-
-live in extreme environments
-Unusual ____processes
anaerobes
Methanogens
-Strict _____ (swamps)
-Generate methane gas (waste from respiration)
salt, dead
Extreme HALOPHILES
-Require high concentrations of ___ for survival.
-____ Sea, Great salt Lake
yellowstone
Extreme THERMOPHILES
-Normally grow in extremely hot environments.
- examples found in _______
none
ARCHAEA:
- Has how many pathogens?
diameter, thick
BACTERIA:
-<10 µm _____ & 1 µm ____
binary fission, peptidoglycan
BACTERIA:
-Reproduce by _____ _____
-Cell wall = _____
*Carb/protein complex
photosynthesize, absorb
BACTERIA:
-______ or _______organics
pathogens
BACTERIA:
-Contains all bacterial _____, as well as non-_____ bacteria. (One answer)
nucleus, organelles
Eukaryotes:
-True _____ and membrane-bound ______.
Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
Name the 4 kingdoms of the domain Eukarya.
unicellular, bacteria
PROTISTA:
- mostly _____, although can be colonial, multicellular
Larger than _____
animal, photosynthetic, cell walls, sexual, parasites
Protozoa = first _____
*Non-______
*Lack ____ ____
*____& asexual reproduction
*Some independent, some ______
protists
Entamoeba, Trypanosoma, Plasmodium, Giardia are all examples of what?
cell walls, photosynthetic
KINGDOM PROTISTS:
-Unicellular algae
*Have _____ _____
*_______ ; autotrophic
dinoflagellates
KINGDOM PROTISTs:
-Only 1 pathogen
_________
dinoflagellates
Red tides- toxin - is associated with which protist?
kelp, seaweed
KINGDOM PROTISTS:
-Multicellular algae
*Include which two types?
absorb
KINGDOM FUNGI:
-No photosynthesis
* _____ organics for food
chitin, budding
KINGDOM FUNGI:
-Cell walls of _____
-Reproduction via Sexual & asexual reproduction, and ____.
yeasts, penicillium
KINGDOM FUNGI:
-Unicellular _____
* Such as Candida
Multicellular molds
* Such as ______
pathogens
KINGDOM FUNGI:
- Other _____ include
*Athlete's foot, Ringworm, Cryptococcus, Histoplasmosis
mushrooms
KINGDOM FUNGI:
-Fleshy fungi
* Ex. of ____, etc.
pathogens, photosynthetic
KINGDOM PLANTAE:
-NO infectious ___
-Almost all _____
cellulose, microbes
KINGDOM PLANTAE:
-Cell walls of ____
-Multicellular
-Multicellular algae (only ____)
multi cellular, cell walls, non
KINGDOM ANIMALIA:
-ALL ______
- Lack ___ ____
- ____-photosynthetic
helminths
KINGDOM ANIMALIA:
- Mostly macroscopic
- ________- flatworms and roundworms that are Animal parasites
grow, reproduce
VIRUSES:
-Not classified within any of the 3 domains
-Obligate intracellular parasites
*Unable to ____
*Unable to ____
metabolic, ribosomes, proteins
VIRUSES:
-Lack:
*____ enzymes
*_____ (organelle...)
*Other enzymes for making ______
independently, degenerative
TWO HYPOTHESES FOR VIRUSES:
1) They arose from _______ replicating strands of nucleic acids (Such as plasmids)
2) They develop from ______ cells that, through many generations, gradually lost the ability to survive but could survive when associated with another cell.