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biology cell test study
Terms in this set (50)
What is the function of the nucleus?
It houses the cell's DNA
What is the function of the golgi apparatus?
Packages proteins for transport out of the cell
How do vacuoles help the cell maintain homeostasis?
Storage of needed components or cellular waste
The main difference between a prokaryotic cell and a eukaryotic cells is
The presence of a true nucleus
- prokaryotes have no nucleus
Which type of cell contains DNA enclosed in a nucleus?
This part of the cell stores wastes, water or food.
What is the outermost structure that surrounds and supports plant and fungal cells?
What are ribosomes?
Part of a cell where proteins are made
What is the primary function of the golgi apparatus?
To process proteins
One major difference between plant and animal cells is that plant cells are the only ones with
Vacuoles are LARGEST in ________ cells.
Bacteria (prokaryotic) cells have no ____
It a typical cell membrane, phospholipids arrange themselves to form a _____
A cell with chloroplasts and a cell wall made of cellulose would likely belong to _____
Oak Tree from Kingdom Plantae
The _____ contains DNA- the storage ______ of genetic information
The structures that project from the cell membrane are _____ and are used for _________
Eukaryotic animal cell
- no chloroplasts
- membrane-bound nucleus
- membrane bound organelles
What structure or organelle is found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
_______ produces proteins by following coded instructions that come from the nucleus of the cell
What is a Lysosome?
A small, sac-like organelle that houses enzymes.
Cells often store materials like water, salts, proteins are carbohydrates in sac-like structures called _________
Many plant cells have a single, large _____ _____ that is filled with fluid.
Long, whiplike extensions on the bottom of the cell are called
Unlike other organelles, chloroplasts and mitochondria contain their own genetic information in the form of ____
What is produced from water and carbon dioxide during photosynthesis within plant cells
Mushrooms, algae, and protozoa are all examples of______ cells.
The _____ of a eukaryotic cell contains the chromosomes.
Membrane-bound organelles are not found in the cells of ____
In a prokaryotic cell, most ribosomes are:
floating freely in the cytoplasm.
In cells, the production of proteins is handled by the ribosomes and endoplasmic reticulum, while the processing and packaging of proteins is handled by the ________ body
Mitochondrion is responsible for what?
The chemical process of cell respiration in which ATP is produced
The site of photosynthesis in a plant cell is the ______
Animal cells contain all structures except a
What feature do prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells share?
What is found only in prokaryotic cells?
What plant cell organelle uses light energy to produce sugar?
What cell structure cause the outer surface of the rough endoplasmic reticulum to appear rough?
Which organelle modifies cell, products, packages them for distribution, and then may turn into vesicles and bubble off the surface of the cell?
What two structures are found ONLY in plant cells?
Cell walls and chloroplasts
What is the instructions for the assembly of a protein?
Homeostasis will be MOST affected by the removal of the___
Without ribosomes, a cell would not produce
What is the function of the cell membrane?
To control what enters and leaves the cell
- contains DNA
- control center
- has a membrane
- found in eukaryotic cells
Which organelle is the powerhouse of the cell, the site of cellular respiration?
- small in animal cells
- large in plants cells
- storage in animal cells
- maintains shape in plant cells
Plants have _______ vacuoles
During cell division, or mitosis, an exact duplicate of the original cell is produced. The instructions for cell division are found in the ________ in the _______
One difference b/w mitochondria and chloroplasts is_______
mitochondria produce water from oxygen while chloroplasts produce oxygen from water
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