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Terms in this set (6)
early experiences have a direct and critical effect on the architecture of the baby's brains
serve and return
the active ingredient in the gene and environment interaction comes from an in-born drive toward competence that comes from the child (the "serve"). the environmental response (especially, consistent relationships with caring adults) is essential for healthy brain development (the "return").
both brain architecture and developing skills are built from the bottom up with simple circuits and skills providing the scaffolding for more advanced circuits and skills overtime. children being raised in poverty often do not receive the early "sturdy scaffolding" they need, which has a very real impact.
all in this together
cognitive, social, and emotional capacities are inextricably intertwined throughout development and depend on features of brain architecture that are shaped by experience.
healthy development depends on nervous and regulatory systems that can ramp up quickly and quickly return to baseline. children being raised in the chronic stress (like that associated with poverty) keep these systems activated and that can damage brain architecture and regulatory systems.
get it right early
plasticity is maximal in early childhood. trying to change behavior or build new skills on a foundation of brain circuits that were not wired properly when they were first formed is more work and more expensive. as a society, we can leverage our understanding of how environments and experience wire children for life to focus on early childhood interventions and increase the health of our society.
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