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HIST 021 Final
Terms in this set (44)
A League made to counter the Delian League. It was led by Sparta and other enemies of Athens formed the this League.
(384-322 bc), Greek philosopher and scientist. A student of Plato and tutor to Alexander the Great, he founded a school (the Lyceum) outside Athens. He is one of the most influential thinkers in the history of Western thought. His surviving works cover a vast range of subjects, including logic, ethics, metaphysics, politics, natural science, and physics
Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
"shaking off of debts"-when Solon banned enslaving debtors, freed all debt slaves and recalled all exiles due to debts
"anyone who wishes" -all citizens can do what they want
The First social division under Solon. 500+ bushels.
Greek tyrant after Solon. Successfully led the Athenians against the Spartans in Megara. 560, he seized power of Athens. He was exiled twice from Athens, but he returned each time. Ruled until 528 until his sons, Hippias and Hipparchus ruled for 18 years. Pis's rule was a turning point in Athenian history. His tyranny did not destroy any of the democratic foundations that Solon had laid. His power was on top of Solon's constitution. Power of aristocratic parties was weakened b/c they were sometimes banished, their land divided among the poor, and they overall lost power. This cleared the way for new democratic institutions. When the tyranny fell, the democratic public felt confident. Also improved strong foreign policy-strong fleet and improved army makes Athens have a strong world influence.His legacy lies primarily in his institution of the Panathenaic Festival and the consequent first attempt at producing a definitive version for Homeric epics. Solon knew behind Pisistratos scheme was the reason for his asking for a bodyguard and to build up his defense against the democracy. Responsible for the cult of Dionusus. He later died in 527 B.C.
games held every four years in Athens to honor Athena, procession through city of sacrifices that went up Acropolis and ended at Parthenon
(527-510 B.C) Son of Pisistratus. He abbused powers as partial tyrant of Athens, so sent into exile. His short reign ended tyranney for Athens.
Very powerful family in Athens
the "father of Athenian democracy", a noble Athenian and member of the Alkmaionidai; credited with establishing democracy in Athens in 508/507 BCE
proshetairizetai ton demon
the process of becoming a comrade of the deme
Council of 500
A group of 500 Athenian citizens randomly elected for one year to propose laws in Athens
were population divisions in ancient Attica, established by the reforms of Cleisthenes in 508 BC. The name means "thirtieth," and there were in fact thirty trittyes in Attica. Each tribe, or phyle of Athens was composed of three trittyes, one from the coast, one from the city, and one from the inland area. Trittyes were composed of one or more demes; demes were the basic unit of division in Attica.
an examination procedure which gave the courts the chance to offset the more unfortunate consequences of selection by lot and to control (and if necessary, overturn) an election made made by the Assembly. It was more of an examination of the candidate's formal qualifications, conduct and political convictions. (Hansen 218)
reports given by archon at beginning of the term and the end
Athenian citizens could vote to banish a public figure whom they saw as a threat to their democracy
Gortynian Law Code
a legal code that was the codification of the civil law of the ancient Greek city-state of Gortyn in southern Crete.
People living in Athens who were not Athenian citizens, who could work and who paid taxes but were not allowed to own land or take part in government.
contemporary and critic of Aristotle
499-493, Ionian cities revolted against Persian Rule, helped by Athens. At first it was a success, then crushed by Persians
Oath of Plataea
Athens vow not to rebuild Plataea after Persians destroy the city 7,8,1
478-477, 150 Cities, Athens at the center, Comes together to protect Greece from Persia, Eventually becomes an Athenian League
Bodyguard who assassinated Philip II. Murdered by other body guards, so no one knows motives.
"treasurers of the Greeks"; those who supervised the payments of the Delian League
A Greek military leader who convinced the Athenians to build a navy. This helped Athens win a major battle against Persia, the Battle of Salamis. He was ostracized around 471 BCE.
The leader of the Delian League. He lead aggressive attacks on Persia, and made friendly relations with Sparta. Thasos then rebelled the League, and then the people wanted to break away with Sparta. Cimon was exiled, and then Athens made an alliance with Sparta's enemy, causing them to break ties.
Most successful battle for Cimon, gained much wealth from Persia, , 466BCE The Delian League preemeptively destoyed the rebuild Persian Navy in Asia Minor in this battle. The event marks the ascention of Athenian Thalassocracy (complete control of the Aegian Sea).
Shepherd who betrayed Spartans at Thermopylae by campaigning against the Spartan request for assistance in putting down a helot revolt.
Leader in Athens during its Golden Age, patron of the arts encouraging public images of peace, prosperity, and power. Convinced the people to rebuild the Acropolis to honor Athena.
Athenian council made up of ex-archons; judged the most important cases (including cases against archons)
rational that Athens has a democracy. but its biases against the rich who have to pay for everything. He's respects the idea of democracy
Pisthetaerus, a middle-aged Athenian, persuades the world's birds to create a new city in the sky, thereby gaining control over all communications between men and gods. He is miraculously transformed into a bird-like figure and, with the help of his friends, the birds, and with advice from Prometheus, he soon replaces Zeus as the pre-eminent power in the cosmos.
walls built around Athens to connect walls surrounding a city to walls at sea
First Peloponnesian War
Peloponnesian League and Thebes vs. Athens and Argos. The Peloponnesian League won the war and the results were the maintaining of he status quo: Athens ruled the sea and Sparta ruled the land
Athens attacked and enslaved, right between Attica and Peloponnesus
After unifying Greece, Macedonian King Philip II created the League of ____ as federation of Greek city-states as self-ruling entities who were required to give allegiance to Macedon and facilitate King Philip's use of military forces in foreign affairs.
Thirty Years' Peace
signed between the ancient Greek city-states Athens and Sparta, in the year 446/445 BC. The treaty brought an end to the conflict commonly known as the First Peloponnesian War, which had been raging since c.460 BC. The Potidaean affair and Athenian trade sanctions against the Spartan ally Megara prompted the Spartans to declare that the Athenians had violated the treaty, thus declaring war. At this point the Thirty Years' Peace was void and the second Peloponnesian War (commonly known as the Peloponnesian War) began.
Greek historian. Considered the greatest historian of antiquity, he wrote a critical history of the Peloponnesian War that contains the funeral oration of Pericles
Athenian politician and strategos who seeks cruelty in Mytilenian Debate, reluctantly goes to Pylos to help Demosthenes but Sparta has lost before his arrival and then replaces Thucydides at Amphipolis but is killed
An ancient city located in Greece south of Thebes and the location of the Battle of Plataea in 479 B.C.
A colony of Corinth (Politically independent colony with own government, but link by emotional ties). A dispute developed between Corinth and Corcyra, and Corcyra sought alliance with Athens. Fearing a full alliance with Corcyra would provoke the Corinthinians, Athens formed a defensive alliance with Corcyra. When Corinth attacked Corcyra, Athens had to defend Corcyra thus pulling Sparta into the war. The war soon was between Sparta and Athens.
Mytilene revolted against Athens, and Athens wanted to punish them. They were worried then that they were too harsh, so they sent a second ship to stop the first one after the speeches of Cleon and Diodotus, 428-427 BC.
a famous speech made by Pericles during a public funeral to honor those who died in battle. Reminded them the power of democracy and gave them courage to keep fighting.
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