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From the study guide

T/F: The most fervent Puritans believed that hte Church of England was corrupt because it did not restrict its membership to "visible saints" who had experienced conversion.


T/F: The puritans all wanted to break away from the Church of England and establish a new "purified" church.

False, only a small group of them known as the Separatists.

T/F: The large, separatist Plymouth Colony strongly influenced Puritan Massachusetts Bay.

False, Plymouth was small and had less of an influence.

T/F: Massachusetts Bay restricted the vote for elections to the General Court to adult male members of the Congregational Church


T/F: Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson were both banished for organizing political rebellions against the Massachusetts Bay authorities.

False, it was for teaching religious and political heresy.

T/F: Rhode Island was the most religiously and politically tolerant of the New England colonies.


T/F: The Wampanoag people of New England initally befriended the English colonists.


T/F: Edmund Andros's autocratic Dominion of New England was overthrown in connection with the Glorious Revolution in England.


T/F: King Philip's War enabled New England's Indians to recover their numbers and morale.

False, it reduced their numbers and they disbanded.

T/F: New York became the most democratic and economically equal fo the middle colonies.

False, it was the most aristocratic and unequal.

T/F: Dutch New Netherland was conquered in 1664 by Sweden.


T/F: William Penn originally wanted his Pennsylvania colony to be settled exclusively by his fellow Quakers.

False, by a diverse group of people.

T/F: Later non-Quaker immigrants to Pennsylvania welcomed the peaceful relations with the Indians established by William Penn's policies.

False, Non-Quaker immigrants pushed for harsher Indian policies.

T/F: The middle colonies' broad, fertile river valleys enabled them to develop a richer agricultural economy than that of New England.


T/F: The middle colonies were characterized by tightly knit, ethically homogeneous communities that shared a common sense of religious purpose.

False, they were ethnically mixed, with different religious but toleration for them, and democractic control.

The principal motivation shaping the earliest settlements in New England was:
A) the desire for political freedom
B) religious commitment and devotion
C) economic opportunity and the chance for a better life
D) a spirit of adventure and interest in exploring the New World


Compared with Plymouth Colony, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was:
A) dedicated to complete separation from the Church of England
B) afflicted with corrupt and incompetent leaders
C) more focused on religious rather than political liberty
D) larger and more prosperous economically


One reason that the Massachusetts Bay Colony was not a true democracy is that:
A) only church members could vote for the governor and the General Court
B) political offices were dominated by the clergy
C) people wre not permitted to discuss issues freely in their own towns
D) the governor and his assistants were appointed rather than elected


The most distinctive feature of the Rhode Island Colony was that:
A) it enjoyed the most complete religious freedom of all the English colonies
B) it secured an official charter from England
C) it contained a high proportion of well-educated and well-off colonists
D) it had a strong common sense of religious purpose


Before the first English settlements in New England, Indians in the region had been devastated by:
A) constant warfare with the French
B) harsh weather that reduced the corn harvests and caused severe famine
C) disease epidemics caused by contact with English fishermen
D) intertribal conflicts caused by disputes over hunting grounds


The Indian tribe that first encountered the Pilgrim colonists in New England were the:
A) Iroquois
B) Wampanoags
C) Narragansetts
D) Hurons


The Puritan missionary efforts to convert Indians to Christianity were:
A) weak and mostly unsuccessful
B) initially successful but undermined by constant warfare
C) similar to the evangelistic efforts of the Catholic Spanish and French
D) developed only after the Indians were defeated and confined to reservations


King Philip's War represented:
A) the first serious military conflict between New England colonists and the English King
B) an example of the disastrous divisions among the Wampanoags, Pequots, and Narragansetts
C) the last major Indian effort to halt New Englanders' encroachment on their lands
D) a relatively minor conflict in terms of actual fighting and casualties


The primary value of the New England Confederation lay in:
A) restoring harmony between Rhode Island and the other New England colonies
B) promoting better relations between New England colonists and their Indian neighbors
C) providing the first small step on the road to intercolonial cooperation
D) defending colonial rights against increasing pressure from the English monarchy


The event that sparked the collapse of Dominion of New England was
A) King Philip's War
B) the revocation of the Massachusetts Bay Colony's charter
C) Governor Andros's harsh attacks on colonial liberties
D) the Glorious Revolution in England


The Dutch Colony of New Netherland:
A) was harshly and undemocratically governed
B) contained little ethnic diversity
C) was developed as a haven for Dutch Calvinists
D) enjoyed prosperity and peace under the policies of the Dutch West India Company


The short-lived colony conquered by Dutch New Netherland in 1655 was:
A) New Jersey
B) New France
C) New England
D) New Sweden


William Penn's colony of Pennsylvania:
A) sought settlers primarily from England and Scotland
B) experienced continuing warfare with neighboring Indian tribes
C) actively sought settlers from Germany and other non-British countries
D) set up the Quaker religion as its tax-supported established church


Besides Pennsylvania, Quakers wre also heavily involved in the early settlement of both:
A) New Jersey and New York
B) New Jersey and Delaware
C) New Netherland and New York
D) Maryland and Delaware


The middle colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware:
A) depended almost entirely on industry rather than agriculture for their prosperity
B) all had powerful established churches that suppressed religious dissenters
C) relied heavily on slave labor in agriculture
D) had more ethnic diversity than either New England or the southern colonies


Name: sixteenth-century religious reform movement begun by Martin Luther

Protestant reformation

Name: English Calvinists who sought a thorough cleansing from within the Church of England


Name: radical Calvinists who considered the Church of England so corrupt that they broke with it and formed their own independent churches


Name: the shipboard agreement by the Pilgraim Fathers to establish a body politic and submit to majority rule

Mayflower compact

Name: Puritians' term for their belief that Massachusetts Bay had a special arrangement with God to become a holy society


Name: Charles I's political action of 1629 that led to persecution of the Puritans and the formation of the Massachusetts Bay Company

Dismissal of Parliament

Name: The TWO major nonfarming industries of Massachusetts Bay

Fishing and shipbuilding

Name: Anne Hutchinson's heretical belief that the truly saved need not obey human or divine law


Name: Common fate of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson after they were convicted of heresy in Massachusetts Bay


Name: villages where New England Indians who converted to Christianity were gathered

praying towns

Name: successful military action by the colonies united in the New England Confederation

King Philip's War

Name: English revolt that also led to the overthrow of hte Dominion of New England in America

Glorious Revolution

Name: River valley where vast estates created an aristocratic landholding elite in New Netherland and New York

Hudson river valley

Name: Required, sworn statements of loyalty or religious belief, resisted by Quakers

test oaths

Name: common activity in which the colonists engaged to avoid the restrictive, unpopular Navigation Laws


Match: German monk who began Protestand Reformation

Martin Luther

Match: Reformer whose religious ideas inspired English Puritans, Scotch Presbyterians, French Huguenots, and Dutch Reformed

John Calvin

Match: Wampanoag cheiftain who befriended English colonists


Match: Small colony that eventually merged into Massachusetts Bay


Match: Colony whose government sought to enforce God's law on believers and unbelievers alike

Massachusetts Bay Colony

Match: Promoter of Massachusetts Bay as a holy "city upon a hill"

John Winthrop

Match: Mass flight by religious dissidents from the persecutions of Archbishop Laud and Charles I

Great Puritan Migration

Match: Representative assembly of Massachusetts Bay

General Court

Match: dominant religious group in Massachusetts Bay


Match: Religious group persecuted in Massachusetts and New York but not in Pennsylvania


Match: Religious dissenter convicted of heresy of antinomianism

Anne Hutchinson

Match: radical founder of the most tolerant New England colony

Roger Williams

Match: Indian leader who waged an unsuccessful war against New England's white colonists

King Philip

Match: Conqueror of New Sweden who later lost New Netherland to the English

Peter Stuyvesant

Match: founder of the most tolerant and democratic of the middle colonies

William Penn

Order (first 5):
-New England Confederation achieves a notable military success
-English separatists migrate from Holland to America
-Swedish colony on Delaware River is conquered by Dutch neighbor
-Manhattan Island is acquired by non-English settlers
-Protestant reformation begins in Europe and England

-Protestant reformation begins in Europe and England
-English separatists migrate from Holland to America
-Manhattan Island is acquired by non-English settlers
-Swedish colony on Delaware River is conquered by Dutch neighbor
-New England Confederation achieves a notable military success

Order (Last 5):
-Quaker son of an English admiral obtains a royal charter for a colony
-Puritans bring a thousand immigrants and a charter to America
-England conquers a colony on the Hudson River
-Convicted Massachusetts Bay heretic founds a colony as a haven for dissenters
-James II is overthrown in England and Edmund Andros is overthrown in America

-Puritans bring a thousand immigrants and a charter to America
-Convicted Massachusetts Bay heretic founds a colony as a haven for dissenters
-England conquers a colony on the Hudson River
-Quaker son of an English admiral obtains a royal charter for a colony
-James II is overthrown in England and Edmund Andros is overthrown in America

C/E: This spurred formation of the Massachusetts Bay Company and mass migration to New England

Charles' I persecution of the Indians

C/E: this led to restriction of political participation in colonial Massachusetts to "visible saints"

Puritans' belief that their government was based on a covenant with God

C/E: this led to the founding of Rhode Island as a haven for unorthodox faiths

Puritan persecution of religious dissenters like Roger Williams

C/E: This led to overthrow of Andros's Dominion of New England

The Glorious Revolution

C/E: this ended New England Indians' attempts to halt white expansion

King Philip's War

C/E: This meant that New Netherland was run as an authoritarian fur trading venture

The Dutch West India Company's search for quick profits

C/E: This secured political control of New York for a few aristocratic families

Dutch and English creation of vast Hudson Valley estates

C/E: This spurred William Penn's founding of Pennsylvania

The English government's persecution of Quakers

C/E: This encouraged large-scale foreign immigration to Pennsylvania

William Penn's liberal religious and immigration policies

C/E: This encouraged development of Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey as rich, grain-growing "bread colonies".

The middle colonies' cultivation of broad, fertile river valleys

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