1. Relationship development: meeting the client, building rapport, gathering information, determining the clt's goals, talking about limits of confidentiality, consent for services, HIPPA etc.
2. Extended exploration: therapist uses their theoretical approach and different techniques to explore the clt's cognitive and emotional dynamic, problem parameters, also reevaluation of goals established in the first stage
3. Problem Resolution: Here the therapist facilitates, demonstrates, instructs, and provides a safe environment for the development of change. At the same time the client is looking at their own cognitive and emotional dynamics (increased insight) and trying out new behaviors and getting rid of old behaviors that don't help them meet their goals
4. Termination and Follow Up: This is the closing stage of the Helping Relationship and ideally, it's decided on together (counselor and clt)