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Limitations & Performance/Weight & Balance (Intro to Transport Category)
Terms in this set (19)
What variables will influence the takeoff scenario?
Temperature, density altitude, wind, runway condition, runway length, aircraft weight, thrust setting, runway gradient, aircraft center of gravity, 2nd segment climb, and obstacle clearance.
What are "V-Speeds"?
Limitations based on speed that are associated with a particular condition.
What is the "V1" speed?
It is the decision speed in a transport category aircraft. It is the critical engine failure speed.
When is it worst to abort a takeoff in a jet?
After hitting "V1" speed
What defines what speed is used for "V1"?
The minimum controllable ground speed and engine failure
What is the balanced field length (VSGP)?
It is where you can rotate climb 35 ft and then touchdown and stop.
What is the minimum controllable ground speed?
It is the speed at which a pilot can control the aircraft with one engine inoperative
If you are a transport pilot flying in IFR and can't meet the climb gradient what do you do to overcome that obstacle?
You contact the company to ask for an amendment in the departure procedure or a "special turn".
What is the Vref speed based on?
It is 1.3 times the stalling speeding the landing configuration.
What is the approach climb speed based on?
The speed which offers the climb gradient
What is the maximum ramp weight?
The maximum weight approved for Ground operations
What is the Center of Gravity (CG)?
The point at which an airplane will balance if it were suspended at that point
What is the reference datum?
an imaginary line in or near the aircraft which is used to calculate arm for weight and balance
If the arm is further aft then is the arm positive or negative?
Which type of CG is more critical lateral or longitudinal?
How can lateral CG become imbalanced?
Due to fuel burn excessive in one engine
The basic operating weight is the
Most used since it is the basic empty weight, plus the crew. All you need to do is add the new stuff to the weight and balance.
What is the formula for center of gravity?
What is the weight shift formula?
CG=Moment+-change in moment/Weight+-change in weight
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