THEORY OF TRANSPERSONAL CARING/ THEORY OF HUMAN CARING/ THE CARING MODEL - 1979
Theory of Transpersonal Caring/Theory of Human Caring/ The Caring Model
Jean Watson, 1979
The Caring Model
*emphasizes the humanistic aspects of nursing in combination with scientific knowledge *theory is meant to bring meaning and focus to nursing as a distinct health profession
Jean Watson believes:
*"Caring" is an endorsement of professional nurse activity *Medicine's identity is that of "caring" *Florence Nightingale appeared to agree in her statement: "It is the surgeon who saves a person's life...it is the nurse who helps this person live."
The nurse's role
*establish a caring relationship with patients *treat patients as holistic beings- body, mind and spirit *display unconditional acceptance *treat patient with a positive regard *display unconditional acceptance *promote health through knowledge and intervention *spend uninterrupted time with patients: "caring moments:
Watson defines interactions or "caring moments"
*the nurse and patient make contact *The nurse enters the patient's room, "a feeling of expectation is created."
Watson believes that
*through the nurse's attitude and competence, a patient's world can become *larger or smaller *brighter or drab *rich or dull *threatening or secure
restore love, compassion, and heart-centered spirit-t-spirit human intersubjective connections, for more meaningful and purposive practices and forms of inquiry. Experiential and intellectual experiences will be shared www.watsoncaringscience.org