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Politics of the United States
AP Government chapter 2 terms
Terms in this set (22)
a human right based on nature or God
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War.
The meeting of state delegates in 1787 in Philadelphia called to revise the Articles of Confederation. It instead designed a new plan of government, the US Constitution.
Rebellion led by Daniel Shays of farmers in western Massachusetts in 1786-1787, protesting mortgage foreclosures. It highlighted the need for a strong national government just as the call for the Constitutional Convention went out.
"Large state" proposal for the new constitution, calling for proportional representation in both houses of a bicameral Congress. The plan favored larger states and thus prompted smaller states to come back with their own plan for apportioning representation.
New Jersey Plan
The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for equal representation of each state in Congress regardless of the state's population.
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws, limits power
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Powers given to the national government alone
Powers given to the state government alone
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Separation of Powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures.
Opponents of ratification of the Constitution and of a strong central government, generally.
an alliance of factions
An order to produce an arrested person before a judge...right to a trial
bill of attainder
a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
ex post facto law
a law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
an executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature
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