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120 terms

Chapter 22

STUDY
PLAY
Affect
External Expression of emotion, or emotional response
Amnesia
Loss of memory
Anorexia Nervosa
Eating disorder w/ excessive dieting & refusal to maintain a normal body weigh
Anxiety Disorders
Characterized by unpleasant tension, distress, and avoidance behavior ; examples are panic disorder, phobias,obsesive compulsive disorder, post tramatic stress disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder
Apathy
Absence of emotions ; lack of intrest or emotional involvement
Autism
Pervasive develomental disorder characterized by inhibited social interaction and communication and by restricted,repetitive behavior
Bipolar disorder
Mood disorder with alternating periods of mania and depression
Bulimia Nervosa
Eating disorder with binge eating followed by vomiting purging and depression
Cannabis
Substance Marijuana is made from
Compulsion
Uncontrolable urge to perform act repeatedly
Conversion Disorder
Condition marked by physical symptoms but no organic basis, appearing as a result of anxiety and unconscious inner conflict
Defense Mechanism
self-destructive ways of dealing with stress; automatic, subconscious reactions to emotional injury, such as denial, fantasy, projection.
Delirium
a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations
Delusion
(psychology) an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary
Dementia
a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes
Depression
a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
Dissociative Disorder
a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder.
Ego
Central coordinating branch of the personality or mind
Fugue
Flight from customary surroundings; dissociative disorder
Gender identity disorder
when a person's biological sexual characteristics do not match the person's mental idea of his or her gender.
Hallucination
delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived;
Id
Major unconscious part of the personality; energy from intincual drives and desires
Labile
Unstable ; Undergoing Rapid Emotional Change
Mania
Extreme excitment hyperactive elation, and agitation. (Dont confuse with suffix -mania meaning obsession)
Mood Disorders
Prolonged emotion dominates a persons life, em bipolar and depressive disorders
Mutism
Nonreactive state with inability to speak
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Anxiety disorder in which recurrent thoughts and repetitive acts dominate behavior
Paranoia
a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of persecution,harassment, or grandeur
Paraphilia
Recurrent instense sexual urge,fantasy,or behavior that involves unusual objects, activities, or situations
Personality Disorders
lifelong personality patterns marked by inflexibility and impairment of social functioning
Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Group of childhood disorders characterized by delays in socialization and communication skills
Phobia
an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
Post-traumatic stress disorder
an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images
Projective personality test
A type of personality test in which individuals are asked to interpret unstructured or ambiguous stimuli (i.e. inkblot, or Rorschach test). Many psychologists like to use these tests because they allow clients to open up and talk.
Psychiatrist
a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders; can prescribe medication
Psychologist
A scientist who studies the mind and behavior of humans and animals
Psychosis
A disorder marked by loss of contact with reality ; often with delusions and hallucinations
Reality testing
Psychological process that distinguishes fact from fantasy
Repression
(psychiatry) the classical defense mechanism that protects you from impulses or ideas that would cause anxiety by preventing them from becoming conscious
Schizophrenia
a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
Sexual disorders
paraphilias and sexual dysfunction
Somatoform disorder
psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent physical cause
Substance-related disorder
Abuse of or dependence on a mood- or behavior-altering drug.
Superego
(psychoanalysis) that part of the unconscious mind that acts as a conscience
Amphetamines
Drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes.helps with ADHD
Atypical antipsychotics
drugs that treat psychotic symptoms and behavior (schizophrenia, bipolar disease, and other mental illness).
Benzodiazepines
drugs that reduce anxiety and insomnia
Cognative Behavioral Therapy
Focuses on the connection between behavior and thoughts
Electroconvulsive Therapy
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
Family therapy
any of several therapeutic approaches in which a family is treated as a whole
Free Association
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing.
Group Therapy
psychotherapy where multiple people meet regularly to interact and help one another to achieve insight into their feelings and behavior; allows the therapist to see how the client interacts with others,
Hypnosis
a social interaction in which one person suggests to another that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur
Insight-oriented Therapy
Face to face discussion of life problems and feelings to increase understanding of thoughts and behavior patterns; psychodynamic therapy.
Lithium
a chemical that provides an effective drug therapy for the mood swings of bipolar disorders
Neuroleptic Drug
tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
Phenothiazines
a group of antihistamine drugs that became the first group of effective antipsychotic medications
Play Therapy
A child, through play, uses toys to express conflicts and feelings that he or she is unable to communicate in a direct manner.
Psychoanalysis
a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders
Psychodrama
clinical technique used by some therapists which calls for participants to role play
Psychopharmacology
Treatment of psychiatric disorders with drugs
Sedatives
Drugs that lessen anziety
Supportive Psychotherapy
Treatment that involves offering encouragement, support, and hope to patients facing difficult life transitions and events.
Transference
Patient relates to the therapist as though the therapist were a prominent childhood figure
Tricyclic Antidepressants
Drugs used to treat severe depression; three ringed fused structure
anxi/o
uneasy anxious distressesd
aut/o
self
hallucin/o
hallucination, to wander in the mind
hypn/o
sleep
iatr/o
treatment
ment/o
mind
neur/o
nerve
phil/o
attraction to, love
phren/o
mind
psych/o
mind
schiz/o
split
somat/o
body
-genic
produced by
-leptic
to sieze hold of
-mania
obsesive, preoccupation
-phobia
fear (irrational and often disabling)
-phoria
feeling , bearing
-thymia
mind
a-, an-
no not
cata-
down
hypo-
deficient, less than, below
para-
abnormal
AD
Alzheimer disease
form of dementia
ADHD
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADLs
activities of daily living
AIMS
abnormal involuntary movement scale
ASD
autism spectrum disorder
BZD
benzodiazepine
CA
chronological age
CBT
cognative behavioral therapy
CNS
central nervous system
DSM-IV-TR
Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
DT
delirium tremens
ECT
electroconvulsive therapy
GAD
generalized anxiety disorder
IQ
intelligence quotient
An IQ test is used to determin the mental age of an individual
LSD
lysergic acid diethylamide
a hallucinogen
MA
mental age
as determined by psychological tests
MAOI
monoamine oxidase inhibitor
MDD
major depressive disorder
MMPI
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
MR
mental retardation
OCD
obsesive compulsive disorder
PDD
pervasive developmental disorder
autism and asperger syndrome
PTSD
post traumatic stress disorder
Rx
therapy
SAD
seasonal affective disorder
SNRI
serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
SSRI
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
TAT
Thematic Apperception Test
TCA
tricyclic antidepressants
TD
tardive dyskinesia
THC
delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
the active ingredient in Marijuana
WAIS
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
WISC
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children