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One of the two major divisions of Geography; the spatial analysis of human population, its cultures, activities, and landscapes.
the study of physical features of the earth's surface
exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places
observing variations in geographic phenomena across space
a diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface (or part of it)
An internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located.
the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning
a customary way of operation or behavior
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional (nodal) region
An area organized around a node or focal point
Perceptual (vernacular) region
A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity.
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Geographic Information Systems
A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.
the act of dispersing or diffusing something
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture.
the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
cultural borrowing that occurs when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
the term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
Heartland, source area, innovation center; place of origin of a major culture.
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
A related set of culture traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
A cluster of regions in which related culture systems prevail.
an area in which people have many shared culture traits
A collection of interacting elements taken together shape a group's collective identity. Includes traits, territorial affiliation, shared history, and more complex elements, like language
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
Cultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings, traditions, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities.
Cultural traits such as dress, diet and music that identify and are part of today's changeable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies
the process though which something is given monetary value
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