GED Language Arts, Reading Vocabulary

These words will be useful to know when taking the GED Language Arts, Reading section.
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Terms in this set (...)

adjective
a part of speech that describes a person, place, or thing
analysis
breaking something down into its parts and examining each part
application
transferring your understanding of a concept to a different situation
atmosphere
the emotions associated with a story's environment
cause
the reason for an action or situation
characterization
the methods an author uses to present characters to the reader
classification
sorting things, people, or ideas into categories
comparison
showing how two or more things are similar
comprehension
understanding what an author tells you directly
conclusion
a judgment made based on a set of facts and opinions
conflict
a struggle that occurs because of different needs or wishes among two or more people or groups, or opposing needs of an individual
context
the phrases and sentences that surround a word
contrast
showing how two or more things are different
description
an explanation of someone's or something's physical appearance or an experience
dialogue
a conversation between characters
diction
the words used to express ideas
drama
a written work designed to be acted out on a stage in which the writing consists almost entirely of dialogue between characters
effect
the results of a situation or action
example
a model that shows how something should be done
fact
a statement that can be proved
fiction
writing abut imaginary people and events
figurative language
words that mean something other than their literal definition
inference
a conclusion not directly stated but drawn from a set of facts or opinions
main idea
the central message of a passage; what the passage is about
main-idea sentence
a sentence that expresses in general terms what a passage is about
metaphor
a comparison that implies that something is something else
narrator
the person telling the story
nonfiction
writing about real people, places, events, and social issues
novel
a long story giving a fully-developed portrayal of people, situations, and places
opinion
a statement that cannot be proved; a statement that reflects an individual or group's interpretation of something
personification
representing a nonliving thing as a human or animal
place
(in fiction) the specific location where a situation or event occurs
plot
the sequence of events in a story
poetry
a form of writing used to convey emotional truths in which the writer uses figurative language and writes in stanzas
point of view
the position from which a person, action, or situation is presented or evaluated
prose
writing in paragraph form
purpose
(in writing) the idea that ties all of the details in a passage together; the reason that the author wrote the passage
reasons
statements that answer the question "why?"
setting
the place, time, and atmosphere in which the situation occurs
short story
a story focusing on one major event or series of events
simile
a direct comparison using the words: as, like, or than
stage directions
directions to actors in a play explaining what their tone of voice, facial expressions, and gestures should be
stanza
in poetry, a group of written lines arranged together
structure
the way an author organizes his or her message
style
the distinguishing characteristics of an artist's performance or work
supporting details
specific statements that give more information about the central message of a passage
synthesis
the integrating of information from different sources to reach a new understanding
theme
the underlying meaning of a story
time
(in fiction) the time of day, season, or historical period when an event takes place
tone
an author's attitude towards his or her subject
topic sentence
a sentence that expresses in general terms what a paragraph is about