concentrates on patterns of human activity and on their relationships with the environment.
concerned with the locations of such earth features as land, water, and climate; their relationship to one another and to human activities; and the forces that create and change them
exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places
observing variations in geographic phenomena across space
drawing of the earth shown on a flat surface
an internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located
The arrangement of something across Earth's surface
The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area.
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
a region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it
a region that only exist as a conceptualization or idea & not physically demacated entity
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Geographic Information Systems
A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
interpreting one's new experience in terms of one's existing schemas
A near equal exchange of culture traits or customs
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
development of the same culture trait or pattern in separate cultures as a result of comparable needs and circumstances
A nineteenth- and early twentieth-century approach to the study of geography thast argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the phyisical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the phyisical environment caused human activities
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
A related set of cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils
A cluster of regions in which related culture systems prevail.
an area in which people have many shared culture traits
A collection of interacting elements taken together shape a group's collective identity. Includes traits, territorial affiliation, shared history, and more complex elements, like language
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
the process though which something is given monetary value