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Age of Exploration #2
Terms in this set (39)
Balance of Trade
When a country's exports exceed its imports
A Spanish Explorer
The belief that country's wealth is based on trade.
Trade between America, Europe, and Africa
A device used to tell the distance from the equator
Enslavement of native people to farm food
Going around the globe
What was the Middle Passage?
The voyage that thousands of slaves were transferred between Africa and the new world
Who was Pedro Cabral?
Portuguese, discovered Brazil
Who was John Cabot?
Italian, explored coast of New England under the commission of Henry VII of England
Who was Vasco de Gama ?
He was a Portuguese explorer. He was the first European to reach India by sea, linking Europe and Asia for the first time by ocean route
Who was Marco Polo?
Italian explorer who traveled to the East, met with Kublai Khan(1271) He wrote of his adventures in the book "The Travels"
Who lead the way in exploration?
Who was Coronado?
He was a Spanish conquistador and explorer, who led a great expedition from Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of southwestern United States
Who was Verrazano?
Verrazzano was an Italian explorer that chartered the Atlantic coast of North America between the Carolinas and Newfoundland, and the New York Harbor in 1524.
Who was Jacques Cartier?
He was a french explorer, and he claimed Canada
Who was Columbus?
He discovered America.
Who was Bartholomeu Dias?
Portuguese explorer, he explored the southern tip of Africa
Who was Francisco Pizarro?
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan Empire
Who was Juan Ponce de Leon?
Spanish explorer and conquistador he became the first governor of Puerto Rico
Who was Prince Henry the Navigator?
He was a Portuguese explorer, he sent many expeditions from Portugal to the west coast of Africa
Who was Hernan Cortes?
He was a Spanish Conquistador
Who was Ferdinand Magellan?
Portuguese explorer, He organized a trip to the East Indies but ended up getting killed in the Philippines
Who was Samuel de Champlain?
He was a french explorer, founded New France and Quebec city
Who was Henry Hudson?
Englishman who sailed for the Dutch Hudson Bay Hudson River Hudson Strait named after him
Who was Amerigo Vespucci?
He was a Italian explorer America was named after him, and he played an important role in exploring the New World
Who was La Salle?
He was a spanish explorer
Who were Marquette & Joliet?
French Priest and trader who founded the Great Lakes
What happened to the population of Africa as a result of the slave trade?
It took a lot of the population of many areas of Africa.It went down greatly.
Christopher Columbus died believing he had done what? Where did he actually end up exploring?
He believed that he was in Asia, not the new world He thought he was in India because the Native Americans looked so much like the Indians
Were all explorers always funded by their home country?
No they were not, If a explorer could make another country believe that they can do the trip then they would fund them
The specific motivations behind their need to explore beside the 3 G's?
There was new trade routes, new routes for ships, cultural expansion
What country was the leader in the Age of Exploration? What other four European countries followed?
Portugal was the leader. Spain, England, Italy, The Netherlands followed
What was the main reason that the indigenous population decreased during Spanish exploration?
They would take all the strong males which would under populate the area
Explain the idea of triangular trade. Who was part of the triangular trade and what goods were exchanged as a result of triangular trade?
Europe, Asia and Africa Slaves, spices, and other goods were traded
What were the new technological advancements that made the Age of Exploration possible? How did each of these technological advancements help with expeditions?
Compass, New Weapons, better
Maps and Astrolabe The compass was used for traveling so you knew what direction you were going in. New Weapons- They helped with hunting like when they got to their destination they could hunt for food. Better maps- Made it better for traveling people actually knew where they were going
What were the 3 G's?
God, Glory, Gold
Why was Vasco de Gama's discovery of a route to India such an important event in the Age of Exploration?
Because Vasco made such a large profit off the spices he brought back
Portuguese explorers discovered what area of territory (besides India?)?
Southern tip of Africa
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