23 terms

Nonfiction Elements

STUDY
PLAY
author's purpose
The reason the author has for writing. (Inform, persuade, explain, & entertain)
persuade
The author is trying to convince readers to do, buy, or believe something.
entertain
The author wants to amuse you or for you to enjoy the writing.
explain
The author wants to tell you how to do something or how something works.
inform
The author wants to give you information.
text features
elements that help the reader recognize the purpose, organization, and key ideas in information text; title, subtitles, sidebar, captions
topic
the general subject that the passage is about, usually one or two words
topic sentence
a sentence in a passage that states the main idea of the passage
main idea
a statement that tells what a passage is mostly about
supporting details
more narrow examples and details that support the main idea in a passage
text structure
the organizational pattern an author uses to present the main idea and supporting details
description
organizational pattern of text that provides several details of something to give the reader a mental picture
compare and contrast
organizational pattern of text that details similarities and differences
chronological order
organizational pattern of text that arranges ideas or events according to time order
problem and solution
organizational pattern of text that introduces a situation or conflict and explains how to correct the situation or to resolve the conflict
cause and effect
organizational pattern of text that explains the basis for an event and its outcome
author's viewpoint
the authors' point of view, attitude, position, or outlook on a topic
informational text
a selection written to provide information
literary nonfiction
a type of narrative based on actual people, places, and things
autobiography
an account of a person's life as told by that person
biography
an account of a person's life written by another person
account
a statement of facts or events
category
a division or group of items or ideas with shared characteristics
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