Composition of Matter

pure substance
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Terms in this set (33)
Immiscibledescribes two or more liquids that do not mix with each otherMiscibledescribes two or more liquids that are able to dissolve into each other in various proportionsTyndall EffectScattering of a light beam as it passes through a mixtureAtomthe smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties of that elementMoleculesmallest unit of a compound; two or more atoms bonded togetherKinetic Theory of Matterstates that all of the particles that make up matter are constantly in motionsoluteSubstance being dissolvedsolventthe substance in which the solute dissolvessolubilitymaximum amount of solute that can dissolve in a given amount of solvent at a given temperature and pressuresaturated solutiona solution that cannot dissolve any more solute at the given conditionsunsaturated solutiona solution that is able to dissolve more solute at the given conditionssupersaturated solutioncreated when a saturated solution is heated allowing more solute to dissolve; when the solution cools, it will contain more solute than it would normally be able to hold at those conditionssoliddefinite shape and volume; atoms/molecules vibrate, but do not move out of positionliquiddefinite volume, but no definite shape (takes the shape of the container); atoms/molecules move over and around each othergasno definite shape or volume (spread out evenly in container); atoms/molecules have enough kinetic energy to completely separate and move in all directionsviscosityresistance to flowplasmano definite shape or volume; atoms break up into electrically charged particles with high energy; most common state of matter in the Universemelting pointtemperature at which a substance changes from the solid to the liquid stateboiling pointtemperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a gaseous (vapor) statevaporizationheating a liquid to a temperature at which it boils; gas particles form under the surface and then break throughevaporationliquid changes to a gas at a temperature below the boiling pointsublimationsolid changes directly into a gascondensationgas changing into a liquid

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