19 terms

World War II Part 1

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Joseph Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
Benito Mussolini
head of the Italian Fascist party. Mussoli and was leader of Italy, the first Fascist regime, during World War II.
Adolf Hitler
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
Mein Kampf
Book written by Hitler while he was exiled, my struggle.
Axis Powers
in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936.
Nye Committee
investigated arms manufacturers and bankers of World War I. Claimed they had caused America's entry into WWI. Public opinion pushed Congress to pass the Neutrality Acts to keep us out of WWII.
Internationalism
a national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity
Appeasement
Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.
Blitzkrieg
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Miracle at Dunkirk
More than 300,000 troops were rescued from the harbor beaches by people in privately owned boats.
Winston Churchill
British statesman and leader during World War II
Holocaust
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Concentration Camp
a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)
Extermination Camp
Nazi camp equipped with gassing facilities for mass murder of Jews (2,700,000 Jews).
Kristallnacht
Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many Jews & destroyed many Jewish property
Lend Lease Act
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
Hemispheric Defense Zone
Declaration that said that the entire western half of Atlantic was part of the Western Hemisphere and, therefore, neutral.
Strategic Materials
materials needed for fighting a war
Pearl Harbor
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.