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From the textbook study guide thingy (:

T/F: Most of the spectacular growth of the colonial population came from immigration rather than natural increase

False, it came from natural increase, not immigration

T/F: The most numberous white ethnic groups in the colonies were the Germans and the Scots-Irish


T/F: Compared with the seventeenth-century colonies, the eighteenth-century colonies were becoming more socially equal and dmocratic

False, they were becoming less

T/F: The lowest class of whites in the colonies consisted of the convicted criminals and prisoners shipped to America by British authorities


T/F: Thomas Jefferson's condemnation of British support of the slave trade was removed from the Declaration of Independence by other members of Congress


T/F: The most highly regarded professionals in the colonies were doctors and lawyers

False, christian ministers

T/F: Besides agriculture, the most important economic activities were fishing, shippng, and ocean-going trade


T/F: Colonial merchants were generally satisfied to trade in protected British markets and accepted imperial restrictions on trade with other countries

False, they traded in non-english markets and rebelled against trade restrictions by smuggling

T/F: The established Anglican Church was a more powerful force in colonial life than the Congregational Church of New England

False, the Congregational Church was more powerful

T/F: The Great Awakening was a revival of fervent religion after a period of religious decline caused by clerical over-intellectualism and lay liberlism in doctrine


T/F: Great Awakening revivalists like Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield tried to replace the older Puritan ideas of conversion and salvation with more rational and less emotional beliefs

False, they tried to revive traditional Puritan beliefs in new contexts

T/F: The Great Awakening broke down denominational and sectional barriers, creating a greater sense of a common American identity and a united destiny


T/F: Most early colonial education, including that at the college level, was closely linked with religion


T/F: The greatest colonial cultural achievements came in art and imaginative literature rather than in theology and political theory

False, they came in theology and political theory

T/F: The central point of conflict in colonial politics was the relation between the democratically elected lower house of the assembly and the governors appointed by the king or colonial proprietor


The primary reason for spectacular growth of America's population in the eighteenth century was:
A) the conquering of new territories
B) the natural fertility of the population
C) the increased importation of white indentured servants and black slaves
D) new immigration from Europe


German settlement in the colonies was especially heavy in:
A) Massachusetts
B) Maryland
C) New York
D) Pennsylvania


The Scots-Irish eventually became concentrated especially in:
A) coastal areas of the Middle Colonies and the South
B) the New England colonies
C) the frontier areas
D) the cities


Compared with the seventeenth century, American colonial society in the eighteenth century showed:
A) greater domination by small farmers and artisans
B) greater equality of wealth and status
C) greater gaps in wealth and status between rich and poor
D) greater oppertunity for convicts and indentured servants to climb to the top


The most honored professional in colonial America was the:
A) lawyer
B) clergyman
C) doctor
D) journalist


The primary source of livelihood for most colonial Americans was:
A) manufacturing
B) agriculture
C) lumbering
D) commerce and trade


Indians and African Americans shared in the common American experience of:
A) migrating westward in search of free land
B) creating new cultures and societies out of the mingling of diverse ethnic groups
C) forming closed, settled communities that resisted outsiders
D) clinging to traditional cultural values brought from the Old World


An unfortunate group of involuntary immigrants who ranked even below indentured servants on the American social scale were:
A) the younger sons of English gentry
B) French-Canadian fur traders
C) convicts and paupers
D) single women


The "triangular trade" involved the sale of rum, molasses, and slaves among the ports of:
A) Virginia, Canada, and Britain
B) the West Indies, France, and South America
C) New Engalnd, Britain, and Spain
D) New England, Africa, and the West Indies


The passage of British restrictions on trade encouraged colonial merchants to:
A) organize political resistance in the British Parliament
B) find ways to smuggle and otherwise evade the law by trading with other countries
C) turn to domestic trade within the colonies
D) turn from trading to such other enterprises as fishing and manufacturing


Besides offering rest and refreshment, colonial taverns served an important function as centers of:
A) news and political opinion
B) trade and business
C) medicine and law
D) religious revival


The Anglican Church suffered in colonial America because of:
A) its strict doctrines adn hierarchical church order
B) its poorly qualified clergy and close ties with British authorities
C) its inability to adjust to conditions of life in New England
D) its reputation for fostering fanatical revivalism


The two denominations that enjoyed the status of "established" churches in various colonies were the:
A) Quakers and Dutch Reformed
B) Baptists and Lutherans
C) Anglicans and Congregationalists
D) Roman Catholics and Presbyterians


Among the many important results of The Great Awakening was that it:
A) broke down sectional boundaries and created a greater sense of common American identity
B) contributed to greated religious liberalism and toleration in the churches
C) caused a decline in colonial concern for education
D) moved Americans closer to a single religious outlook


A primary weapon used by colonial legislatures in their conflicts with royal governors was:
A) extending the franchise to include almost all adult white citizens
B) passing laws prohibiting the governors from owning land or industries
C) voting them out of office
D) using their power of the purse to withhold the governor's salary


Name: Corruption of a German word used as a term for German immigrants in Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Dutch

Name: Ethnic group that had already relocated once before immigrating to America and settling largely on the Western frontier of the middle and southern colonies


Name: Rebellious movement of frontiersmen in the southern colonies that included future President Andrew Jackson


Name: Popular term for convicted criminals dumped on colonies by British authorities

Jayle birds

Name: Term for New England settlements where Indians from various tribes were gathered to be Christianized

Praying towns

Name: A once-despised profession that rose in prestige after 1750 because of practitioners defended colonial rights


Name: Small but profitable trade route that linked New England, Africa, and the West Indies

triangle trade

Name: Popular colonial centers of recreation, gossip, and political debate


Name: Term for tax-supported condition of Congregational and Anglican churches, but not of Baptists, Quakers, and Roman Catholics


Name: Spectacular, emotional religious revival of the 1730s and 1740s

The Great Awakening

Name: Ministers who supported the Great Awakening against the "old light" clergy who rejected it

"new lights"

Name: Institutions that were founded in greater numbers as a result of the Great Awakening, although a few had been founded earlier


Name: The case that established the precedent that true statements about public officials could not be prosecuted as libel

Zenger case

Name: the upper house of a colonial legislature, appointed by the crown or the proprietor


Name: Benjamin Franklin's highly popular collection of information, parables, and advice

Poor Richard's Almanac

Match: Itinerant British evangelist who spread the Great Awakening throughout the colonies

George Whitefield

Match: Colonial printer whose case helped begin freedom of the press

John Peter Zuger

Match: Colonial painter who studied and worked in Britain

John Singleton Copley

Match: Leading city of the colonies; home of Benjamin Franklin


Match: Largest non-English group in the colonies

African Americans

Match: Dominant religious group in colonial Pennsylvania, critized by others for their attitudes toward Indians


Match: Former slave who became a poet at an early age

Philis Wheatley

Match: Scots-Irish frontiersmen who protested against colonial elites of Pennsylvania and North Carolina

Paxton Boys and Regulators

Match: Attempt by British authorities to squelch colonial trade with French West Indies

Molasses Act

Match: Brilliant New England theologian who instigated the Great Awakening

Jonathan Edwards

Match: Group that settled the frontier, made whiskey, and hated the British and other governmental authorities


Match: Nonestablished religious group that benefited from the Great Awakening


Match: Author, scientist, printer; "the first civilized American"

Benjamin Franklin

Match: Eloquent lawyer-orator who argued in defense of colonial rights

Patrick Henry

Match: Established religion in southern colonies and New York; weakened by lackadaisical clergy and too-close ties with British crown

Anglican Church

Order (first 5):
Since I doubt we have to know the order of these exactly, just read the other side of the card :]

-First southern college to train Anglican clergy is founded
-First medical attempts are made to prevent dreaded disease epidemics
-Benjamin Franklin starts printing his most famous publication
-Parliament attempts to restrict colonial trade with French West Indies
-A fiery, intellectual preacher sets off a powerful religious revival in New England

Order (last 5):
Since I doubt we have to know the order of these exactly, just read the other side of the card :]

-Epochal freedom of the press case is settled
-An eloquent British preacher spreads evangelical religion through the colonies
-Princeton College is founded to train "new light" ministers
-Britian vetoes colonial effort to halt slave importation
-Scots-Irish protestors stage armed marches

C/E: This prompted colonial assemblies to withold royal governors' salaries

The appointment of unpopular or incompetent royal governors to colonies

C/E: This created the condition for the Great Awakening to erupt in the early eighteenth century

Dry over-intellectualism and loss of religious commitment

C/E: This resulted in the development of a colonial "melting pot", only one-half English by 1775

The heavy immigration of Germans, Scots-Irish, Africans, and others into the colonies

C/E: This was met by British attempts to restrict colonial trade, e.g, the Molasses Act

American merchants' search for non-British markets

C/E: This increased the wealth of the eighteenth-century colonial elite

The large profits made by merchants as military suppliers for imperial wars

C/E: This led to hte increase of American population to one-third of England's in 1775

The high natural fertility of the colonial population

C/E: This forced the migration of colonial artists to Britain to study and pursue artistic careers

The lack of artistic concerns, cultural tradition, and leisure in the colonies

C/E: This marked the beginnings of freedom of printed political expression in the colonies

The Zenger Case

C/E: This reinforced colonial property qualifications for voting

Upper-class fear of "democratic excesses" by poor whites

C/E: This stimulated a fervent, emotional style of religion, denominational divisions, and a greater sense of inter-colonial American identity

The Great Awakening

T/F: The Scots- Irish immigrants were involved very little in tobacco cultivation


Q. What agricultural activities were most of the Dutch immigrants involved in?

Cattle and grain

Q. With what part of the agricultural economy were African American slaves most involved?

Rice, indigo, tobacco

Q. Which major immigrant group may have had some involvement in the colonial iron industry?


Q. Which colony contained the largest concentration of French immigrants?

South Carolina

Q. Which section contained the fewest non-English minorities?

New England

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