English Plot, Conflict, and Irony

the sequence of events in a story
the beginning of the story, where the reader learns the setting and main characters' names
time and place
rising action
the set of events leading to the climax of a story
the most important or exciting event in a story; the turning point
falling action
the events leading to the resolution of a story
the end of a story, where most conflicts are resolved
an unexpected event
verbal irony
Example...Student: "Are we going to write in English class today?" ...Teacher: "No, we're going to use fingerpaints!"
verbal irony
situational irony
the opposite of what is expected happens
Example...A man kneels to propose to his girlfriend and discovers that she had planned to break up with him.
situational irony
dramatic irony
the audience knows something the character does not know
Example...The monster is in the room where the woman is headed, but only the audience knows this.
dramatic irony
a problem in a story
man vs. man conflict
a conflict between people
man vs. nature conflict
a conflict between a person and elements of nature
man vs. obstacle conflict
a conflict between a person and something he/she cannot control
man vs. society conflict
a conflict that exists because a person believes/lives differently from everyone else
man vs. self conflict
a conflict within a person
man vs. Higher Power
a conflict between a person and God or another authority figure
Example: Two people fighting
man vs. man conflict
Example: Jim Hawkins in the middle of a rain storm
man vs. nature conflict
Example: Not having the money to go to college
man vs. obstacle conflict
Example: A Christian persecuted in a Muslim nation
man vs. society conflict
Example: Being unable to decide between playing video games and doing homework
man vs. self conflict
Example: Doing the opposite of what parents say
man vs. Higher Power conflict