22 terms

Strayer C15 Global Commerce

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African diaspora
Name given to the spread of people from Africa across the Atlantic via the slave trade.
Banda Islands
Infamous case of the Dutch forcibly taking control of the spice trade; nearly the entire population of these nutmeg-producing islands was killed or enslaved and then replaced with Dutch planters.
Benin
West African kingdom (in what is now Nigeria) whose strong kings sharply limited engagement with the slave trade.
British/Dutch East India companies
Private trading companies chartered by the governments of England and the Netherlands around 1600; they were given monopolies on Indian Ocean trade, including the right to make war and to rule conquered peoples.
Cartaz
A pass that the Portuguese required of all merchant vessels attempting to trade in the Indian Ocean.
Dahomey
West African kingdom that became strong through its rulers' exploitation of the slave trade.
Daimyos
Feudal lords of Japan subject to the Shogun ruler of the state but who ruled with virtual independence thanks to their bands of samurai warriors.
Hurons
Native American people of northeastern North America who were heavily involved in the fur trade.
Indian Ocean Trade Network
The massive interconnected web of commerce in premodern times between the lands that bordered on the Indian Ocean (including East Africa, India, and Southeast Asia); the network was disrupted by Portuguese intrusion beginning around 1500.
Little Ice Age
A period of cooling temperatures and harsh winters that lasted for much of the early modern era.
Ferdinand Magellan
Portuguese mariner who commanded the first European (Spanish) fleet to circumnavigate the globe (1519-1533).
Manila
Capital of the Spanish colonial Philippines and a major trade city that already had a population of more than 40,000 by 1600.
Middle Passage
Name commonly given to the journey across the Atlantic undertaken by enslaved Africans being shipped to the Americas; estimated that more than 14% died on this forced journey.
Piece of eight
Standard Spanish coin that became a medium of exchange in North America, Europe, Africa and Asia, making it the first global currency.
Potosi
City that developed high in the Andes (in present-day Bolivia) at the site of the world's largest silver mine and for a time was the largest city in the Americas, with a population of some 160,000 in 1570s.
Samurai
The warrior elite of medieval Japan.
Shogun
In Japan, a supreme military state commander.
Silver drain
Term often used to describe the siphoning of money from Europe to pay for the luxury products of the East (tea, silk, porcelain), a process exacerbated by the fact that Europe had few trade goods that were desirable in Eastern markets other than silver.
Soft Gold
Nickname used in the early modern period for animal furs, highly valued for their warmth and as symbols of elite status; in several regions (N. America, Siberia), the fur trade generated massive wealth for those empires engaged in it.
Spanish Philippines
An archipelago of Pacific islands (over 2000 inhabited) colonized by Spain in a relatively bloodless process that lasted a century (1565-1665), a process accompanied by converting large numbers of the local population to Christianity.
Tokugawa Shogunate
Military rulers of Japan who successfully unified Japan politically and established a "closed door" policy to European encroachments that lasted from 1600-1868; first Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Trading post empire
Form of imperial dominance based on control of trade rather than on control of subject peoples.