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exponent

shows the number of times a base number is multiplied by itself

base

the basis of each place value column in a number system

power

the number of times a base number is multiplied by itself

square root

a number when multiplied by itself gives the original number (i.e. √3=3_

cube root

one of the three identical factors of a number that is the product of those factors

order of operations

A set of rules used to solve mathematical problems.

factor tree

a diagram used to identify the prime factors of a composite number

greatest comon factor

the biggest number that will divide two or more numbers exactly

least common multiple

the smallest number that is the multiple of two or more numbers

prime number

number that has exactly two factors

composite number

a number with more than two factors

cube

to raise to the third power

square

to raise to the second power

BEDMAS

brackets, exponents, divison, multiplication, addition and subtraction in order of operations