How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

58 terms

General Introduction to HIstorical Vocab.

STUDY
PLAY
Abolitionism
Belief that slavery should be abolished (made illegal)
Ad hoc
concerned or dealing with a specific subject or purpose for a temporary and/or specified span of time
Alliance
a formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperater for specific purposes
Anarchy
a state of society without governement or law
Ancient
the time period from approximately 5000 BC to CE 500
Annexation
government or state action whereby territory is added from another state
Anti-Semitism
hostility toward or discrimination against Jews
Aristocracy
a class of persons holding exceptional rank and privleges, especially if acuired through inheritance(money)
Armistice
an agreement between opposing armies to suspend hostilites in order to discuss peace terms (just stop fighting)
Autocrat
ruler with unlimited governing power
Bias
a preference that prevents someone from being impartial; prejudice
Boycott
a means of protest based on the refusal to buy goods or services
Capital
(economically) assest available for investment
Capitalism
an economic system shereby investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations
Colony
any people or territory separated from but subject to a ruling power
Communism
an economic and political system in which all means of production arwe owned by the state and whereby there is only one political party in power
Contemporary
from a historical perspective, this refers to the present time period during the lifetime of those now living
Culture
knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people
Demagogue
charismatic leader who manipulates people through rhetoric consisting of scare tactics, half-truths, and false promises
Democracy
a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electorial system
Disarmament
the reduction / elimination of armed forces and weapons of war
Dissident
a person who opposes the established government
Dynasty
a hereditary sequence of rulers from the same family
Emancipation
act of freeing an individual from a state of involuntary servitude
Ethics
the standards or codes of moral behavior that distinguished between right and wrong for a specific group of culture
Federal Government
government by which the national and state governments share power and authority
Hierarchy
a system consisting of several layers whereby each level has power over or is superior to the system below it
Immigration
the act of leaving another country permanetly with the goal of permanent settlement
Emigration
the act of leaving one's home country permanetly
Imperialism
the policy of extending rule or authority of an empire or nation over forgeign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies
Isolationism
policy or belief that discourages involvement in the political affairs of other nations
Judiciary
refers to the court system that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state
Laissez-faire
economic policy under which the government takes a hands-off approach and plays a very limited role in business affairs
Legislative
the law-making branch of government (Congress)
Liberalism
a political or social philosophy that generally advocates individual freedom above the rights and welfare of the group
Mandate
an authoritative command or decree
Manifest
evident and obvious to one's understanding
Medieval
refers to primarily the European Middle Ages, from CE 500-1500
Modern World
period of time in Western civilization from CE 500 to present day
Nobility
a socially or politically privleged class whose titles are conferred by birth or by royal decree
Perspective
point of view
Political Left Wing
those who whish to change the current social and political system
Political Right Wing
those who wish to retain the status quo in regard to the social and politcal system
Popular Sovereignty
belief that people can and should govern themselves
Prehistoric
the period of time before written records were kept
Providence
a manifestation of divine care or direction
Primary Source
an account or record of an event created by someone who took part in or who witnessed the event
Ratify
to formally approve a suggested action
Republic
government by elected representation
Recession
economic slump that lasts over and extended period of time
Secede
to withdraw from a group
Secondary Source
an account or retelling of an event by someone who was not present at the event (history book)
Secular
not pertaining to or connected with religion
Socialism
system of social organization that advocates the ownership and control of the means production and distribution of capital, land, etc, in the community as a whole
Status quo
the existing state of affairs
Suffrage
the right to vote
Tariff
a tax on imports
Western Civilization
those societies and cultures that have their origins in Europe and whose cultural background can be traced primarily to ancient Greece and/or Rome