Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Politics of the United States
Govt 2306 Final Exam
Terms in this set (190)
In the state of Texas, what is the policy for felons' rights to vote ?
Felons are allowed to vote upon full discharge of their sentences
An Individual convicted of a _____ felony will receive a punishment of two to ten years in prison and possibly a fine up to $10,000.
Which of the following groups of crimes are considered second-degree felonies ?
bigamy,sexual assault,arson,and manslaughter
The lowest class of misdemeanor is which of the following ?
Which of the following makes the decision to grant parole ?
the Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles
if an individual were to commit three state-jail felonies, does the state of Texas have the right to punish that person with life imprisonment ?
yes, based on the three-strikes provision of the Texas penal code
During the first appearance before a judge, referred to as the arraignment, what will likely happen ?
The judge will repeat the due process rights of the accused and set bail.
In cases in which the accused cannot provide bail or cannot pay a bondsman, what option may this individual have ?
The individual can be released on his or her personal promise to appear(recognizance)
A(n) ____ determines whether sufficient evidence is available to justify a trial.
A grand jury consists of how many individuals to possibly hear a case ?
Misdemeanor juries in the state of Texas require ____ members, while felony juries require ____ members.
A very common method prosecutors use to maintain high conviction rates is a(n)
plea bargain between the defendant and the state.
Which individual has the vast amount of discretion in determining whether to charge a person with a crime ?
What type of offenses are Texas prison inmates most likely to be imprisoned for ?
What means of execution does Texas currently use ?
Why must Texas legislature maintain a balanced budget ?
It is required by the Texas Constitution
Federal money is an important part of the Texas budget, but monies that Texas receives from the federal government..
often comes with strings attached
Which phrase best characterizes Texas's reputation in terms of taxes and services ?
low service, low tax
Texas spending on a per capita basis is ?
much lower than the national average.
Compared to other states, which statement regarding revenue sources for the state of Texas is True ?
Texas has no income tax but high sales tax.
Which is the single largest source of tax revenue for the state of Texas ?
Overall, the tax system in Texas is generally considered to be regressive , which means that..
the tax burden consumes a greater percentage of income received by lower- income individuals.
Which of the following are NOT generally considered to be an example of regressive taxes of fees ?
What is the argument commonly used by supporters of a state income tax ?
It is fairer and more reliable source of revenue
Next to revenue generated by state taxes, the second largest source of state revenue comes from
the federal government
Which of the following is at the heart of the budget process in Texas ?
the Texas comptroller
The Legislative Budget Board(LBB) is chaired by the
The Texas Constitution specifies that state payments for assistance to needy children and their caretakers shall not exceed ___ percent of the states budget in any biennium.
The purpose of the Biennial Revenue Estimate (BRE) is to
provide detailed forecast of total revenues that the state is expected to take in
The Texas Supreme Court's decision in Edgewood ISD vs Kirby was that..
undue reliance upon property taxes to fund public education violated the Texas Constitution.
Under the Gilmer- Akin Laws
the state board of education was restructured to become the policy making body for public education in Texas.
The three main issues that have shaped education policy in Texas during the last 50 years are
funding, desegregation, and educational excellence
Plessy vs Ferguson( 1896)
validated the Texas state imposed racial segregation in public schools
The U.S Supreme Court overturned Plessy vs Ferguson in
Brown vs Board of Education
A 1983 report by the National Commission on Excellence in Education was called
A Nation at Risk
Among the most important findings of the 1983 report were
test scores were declining and functional illiteracy was increasing
The origins of modern welfare policy lie in ?
President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal
In 1965, congress created the Medicaid program, a state -federal program to
provide health care for the poor
The primary purpose of TANF was to
make families self-sufficient by ending the cycle of dependency on government benefits
In legal challenge to the Affordable Care Act, the Supreme Court ruled that
the tax penalizing people who failed to purchase medical insurance was constitutional
In the Texas legislature, the House has ______ members and the senate has ______ members.
What is the function of the "local and consent" calendar?
is reserved for non controversial bills that are not expected to have major opposition.
For how long does the Texas legislature meet?
The regular legislative session lasts 140 days every two years.
Which of the following is NOT a legislative power of the Texas governor?
removing, for suitable cause, the Speaker or lieutenant governor
The agenda for special sessions in the Texas legislature are set by the
Which of the following statements about special sessions of the Texas legislature is true?
Special sessions are common, held an average of once a year since 1876
Which of the following is neither a duty nor a power of the lieutenant governor in Texas?
the ability to call the Texas Senate into special session
If the legislature grants a particular corporation an exception from a state law, it is called
a special bill.
What is the main difference between a bill and a resolution?
Unlike a bill, a resolution, if passed, lacks the force of a public law.
Which of the following statements about the Texas legislature is INCORRECT ?
Only the Senate has the constitutional authority to launch investigations into problems concerning the state.
Which of the following is not a nonlegislative power of the Texas legislature
the power to overturn state supreme court decisions with a two-thirds majority
Which of the following statements about simple resolutions is correct?
They do not require the signature of the governor.
The governor of Texas has
few formal powers, so the office is one of the weakest chief executives in the United States.
Which of the following is NOT a qualification a person would need to be a viable candidate for governor of Texas?
born in Texas
In Texas, why are gubernatorial elections held in off-Presidential years?
so that gubernatorial elections will not be influenced by a presidential election
What is the ultimate check on the governor?
______ is the only Texas governor to be both impeached and convicted.
Which of the following is the best example of the Texas governor's exercise of senatorial courtesy?
governor will not appoint someone to office unless that appointee's state senator agrees.
When the Texas governor strikes out particular spending provisions in an appropriations bill, it is called
a line-item veto.
The Texas governor has all of the following legislative powers EXCEPT the power to
break tie votes in the senate
For a Texas governor, what is the benefit of a post-adjournment veto?
The legislature is prevented from overriding it
In Texas, what is the primary effect of a plural executive?
It dilutes the power of the governor and fragments the executive branch
In Texas, which officer in the plural executive is not elected by voters?
the secretary of state
Which of the following about the lieutenant governor in Texas is incorrect?
The lieutenant governor's powers are primarily executive, not legislative
Almost one-half of the attorney general's employees are involved in what government task?
collecting child-support payments
In Texas, what is the most important power of the state comptroller?
estimating the state budget for the legislature
In Texas, the plural executive is held accountable through all of the following EXCEPT
appointment by the governor
What types of cases does the Texas Supreme Court hear?
Which of the following best describes the requirement(s) necessary to be a judge of the Texas Supreme Court?
thirty-five years of age, citizen of the United States, resident of Texas, practicing attorney or judge for at least ten years
Which court in Texas has automatic jurisdiction over all appeals in death penalty cases?
the court of criminal appeals
The Texas Supreme Court and court of criminal appeals have appellate jurisdiction, which means they have the authority to do what?
review the decisions of lower courts to determine whether legal principles and court procedures were followed correctly
There are ______ courts of appeals in Texas, with ______ justices serving those courts
The main trial courts in Texas are called
Which of the following is NOT an example of general jurisdiction under a Texas district court?
family law matters
Often county courts in Texas have jurisdiction over which matters?
probate cases, serious criminal misdemeanors, and civil cases where the amounts in dispute are relatively small, and appellate cases of municipal or justice of the peace courts
Justice of the peace courts handle which kind of disputes?
What percentage of the 819 justices of the peace in Texas are non-lawyers?
Municipal courts in the Texas court system have jurisdiction over all of the following areas EXCEPT
In Texas, trial lawyers tend to support
Democratic judicial candidates
Which of the following is NOT a major criticism of the method of judicial selection in Texas today?
The governor has too much power in judicial selection.
Why does it typically cost more money to win a seat on the Texas Supreme Court than a seat on the Texas court of criminal appeals
There are few interest groups that contribute money to the criminal appeals court candidates' campaigns, which keeps down the costs of the election
What is the most important role the governor of Texas plays in the judicial process?
The governor has the power to appoint judges to fill any vacancies on the bench for the time period before elections are held.
A recent Texas poll found that _____ percent of judges felt that campaign contributions had at least some influence on judicial decisions.
Why is it difficult for voters to learn about judicial candidates in Texas?
Voters are called upon to vote for too many different judicial races in a single election
Approximately ______ of Texas appellate judges are women.
Appealing a case to the courts of appeal when all justices will hear the case, rather than the typical panel of three, is referred to as hearing a case ______.
A large concern over transitioning to strict nonpartisan elections is that candidates would deal with what problem?
campaigning would require significantly higher amounts of money
Which of the following substitutes was NOT presented as an alternative means of judicial selection?
increased levels of experience to serve on the bench
Which of the following is not a part of the "appoint-elect-retain" concept to judicial elections?
The nominee goes through a vetting process to confirm his or her ability to fill the position.
According to a recent increase in campaign contribution limitations, in what situation must a judge recuse him or herself from a case?
in situations in which a judge receives campaign contributions from a party to a lawsuit
During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Texas was
Providing a label that helps voters identify those seeking office is an important function of
The most important role for political parties in Texas elections is to
offer the candidate a label by which he or she can identify with the voters
Which of the following is not usually considered a function of political parties?
State and local party organizations do all of the following EXCEPT
litigate against unfavorable policies.
The degree to which members of the Texas Republican Party have become more conservative, and members of the Texas Democratic Party have become more liberal, is referred to as
Parties at the state level have less power than at the national level because
local issues are usually not ideological in nature
The process by which our parents, teachers, and others influence our identification with a political party is referred to
Which movement has had the largest impact on state legislative races in recent years?
the Tea Party movement
The major competition for important statewide offices in present-day Texas happens at
the Republican primary
The fastest-growing demographic group in Texas is _____________, the majority of whom vote _____________.
The main role of the precinct convention is to
select delegates for the county convention
The _____________ is a meeting held by a political party following its precinct conventions for the purpose of electing delegates to its state convention.
The Libertarian Party can be considered
fiscal conservatives and social liberals
Third parties are most likely to have electoral success under which system of elections?
proportional representation system
The pattern, beginning in the 1950s, of Texans voting for a Republican president but sticking with conservative Democrats for state offices is called
In Texas, why were primary elections more important than general elections during most of the twentieth century?
In a one-party state, the winner of the primary will most likely win the general election
When intraparty disputes split members into different groups, these groups are referred to as
Runoff primaries are generally held
the second Tuesday in April
What is the purpose of a primary election?
to select a party's candidate for the general election
Officially, Texas has a
In Texas, special elections are held for all of the following reasons EXCEPT to:
impeach a corrupt politician
Major statewide officials are elected in nonpresidential election years because
a system prevents popular presidential candidates from influencing state elections
Texas was the first state in the South to
ratify the women's suffrage amendment
Which of the following was NOT regularly used in Texas as a method of disenfranchising many minorities before the 1960s?
the requirement of a federal citizenship test
Which of the following is true?
The poll tax restricted the participation of poor people in the general election.
What is the significance of the Supreme Court case Smith vs. Allwright?
It announced that in primary elections states could not restrict voters on account of race.
The most recent renewals to the Voting Rights Act require
bilingual ballots in areas where over 5 percent of citizens speak a language other than English.
Which of the following statements is not a possible explanation for why Texas currently has low voter turnout?
The residency requirement for new voters is six months.
Early voting increases the polling period from twelve hours to
In which of the following elections is voter turnout the highest?
The process of ______ involves recalculating how many congressional districts each state will receive based on the state's population.
In Texas, ______ is/are responsible for redistricting
Preclearance is required by
the Voting Rights Act of 1965
All of the following are modern-day tactics for preventing certain groups from voting EXCEPT
canceling an election at the last minute
When are elections for state offices held?
during even-numbered, nonpresidential election years
Which of the following is not a description of an interest group?
It is typically active only at the national level of government
Which of the following is the farmers' interest group that influenced the writing of the Texas Constitution of 1876?
Interest groups are often powerful in states
dominated by one party
The practice of combining several individual campaign contributions into one larger contribution from a group in order to increase the group's impact is known as
Which of the following is not a common way for interest groups to gain access to politicians and policy makers?
running for office themselves
Which of the following groups have had notable political success by litigating in federal courts?
civil rights groups
One important way for interest groups to gain access to those in Texas government is to employ ______ as lobbyists.
former legislators and government officials
Which interest is not represented in a list of the top interest groups in Texas?
Which PACs spend the least amount of money in Texas elections?
Which of the following is not a typical threat to an incumbent running for reelection?
a well-funded challenger
Which of the following is NOT a reason for forming a PAC?
A PAC is allowed to donate unlimited amounts of money directly to a particular candidate
What does it mean for an interest group to "get on the late train"?
interest group gives contributions after the election to a winning candidate the group had earlier opposed
What is the function of EMILY's List?
It provides early campaign funding for female candidates
Individuals are most likely to successfully lobby government when they
are not challenged by powerful, organized interest groups
A belief that government is designed to promote the public good describes the ______ political culture.
Political culture is a term used to describe
the broadly shared values and beliefs about government.
Which of the following would best characterize a traditionalistic individualistic political culture?
low taxes and deference to business leaders
Which of the following does not reflect one of the historic characteristics that make up Texas political culture?
the strong role of labor unions
Provincialism is best defined as
a narrow view of the world
Which of the following has traditionally dominated the political culture of Texas?
Big Bend is found in what region of Texas?
Basin and Range Province
The term creative destruction refers to the process by which
the capitalist system undergoes periodic waves of transformation caused by new technologies.
When in Texas history did cattle become big business?
after the Civil War
The regulation of oil and energy in Texas is performed by
the Texas Railroad Commission
Which two Texas metropolitan areas are national centers for the high- tech industry?
Dallas and Austin
Technological change in Texas is best evidenced by the
development of a high- tech industry after a slump in oil prices.
free trade between Mexico, the United States, and Canada
Approximately what percentage of the current population of Texas is Hispanic?
What was Stephen F. Austin's role in the development of Texas?
He worked with the Spanish government to bring American settlers into Texas
Which statement regarding urbanization in Texas is incorrect?
The origins of cities in Texas are found in Native American civilizations.
State legislatures lost the power to appoint their U.S. senators under
the Seventeenth Amendment
Both federal and state governments obtain sovereignty directly from
the consent of the people
Among the advantages that are frequently associated with a federal form of government, which of the following is not normally listed as an advantage?
Unfunded mandates are imposed upon state governments
Dual federalism is also known as
layer- cake federalism
The relationship between the states and the federal government changed dramatically soon after
the Great Depression began
Under the New Deal, federalism is frequently described as
The use of block grants, allowing states considerable leeway in how federal money is spent, was championed by President ______ under the name New Federalism.
As federal regulations became more intrusive, forcing states to change their policies in order to meet national goals, some people began calling our system ______ federalism.
When the federal government requires a state to meet federal guidelines without offering financial support to pay for these programs, it is known as
an unfunded mandate
After the Civil War and Reconstruction had ended, politics in Texas were dominated for several decades by
the Democratic Party
During the Wilson administration, Texans held key leadership positions in Congress and had great political influence because
seniority system rewarded members who spent many terms in office
Congress gained the power to tax income through
the Sixteenth Amendment
Which prominent Texan served as FDR's vice president until 1940?
John Nance Garner
Since obtaining statehood, the one area in which Texans have most consistently supported the federal government is in matters of
As Texans became disillusioned in the years following the New Deal, increasingly they began to support economic deregulation, tax cuts, and a strong national defense. Which presidential candidate made these goals part of his national platform
In Wickard VS. Filburn , the Supreme Court decided that
not only could Congress regulate interstate commerce, it could regulate anything that affected prices and market conditions
According to the text, the Tea Party era is marked by all of the following EXCEPT
strong support for Obamacare
In general, the Tea Party's position on Obamacare is that it
is an unconstitutional, overly broad exercise of Congress's power to regulate interstate commerce
Today, our federal system is best described as
What is the most important difference between the U.S. Constitution and state constitutions?
State constitutions are subordinate to the U.S. Constitution
Philosophically, the Texas Constitution reflects a
distrust of politicians and political power
Which of the following statements best describes the structure of the Texas legislature?
Since independence from Mexico, Texas has had a bicameral legislature.
Texas became an independent republic in ______ and became part of the United States in ______.
The main problem that stalled the admission of Texas into the United States was
that Texas would be a proslavery state
Which of the following was not part of the annexation agreement between Texas and the United States?
Texas could maintain its own army and navy for twenty- five years.
Who were the Radical Republicans?
those Republicans after the Civil War who controlled Reconstruction policy in the former Confederate states
Which of the following statements best describes the post- Civil War governorship of E. J. Davis?
Davis was a Republican who used the centralized powers of the governorship to maintain control over his regime.
Who made up the Grange, and what effect did they have on the writing of the Texas Constitution?
They were an agricultural group who wanted a government that would improve the plight of farmers
In what year was Texas's current constitution ratified?
Which principle of government is the key to understanding the drafting of the Texas Constitution of 1876?
the necessity of strong limitations on the authority of state officials
Which of the following statements about republican government is incorrect?
The right to republican government is not guaranteed in the Texas bill of rights
The separation of government into three branches— legislative, executive, and judicial— is called
separation of powers
The Texas Constitution requires which of the following for amendment?
a two- thirds vote in both houses of the state legislature and a majority vote from the voters of Texas
Which of the following is not a reason for the low level of voter turnout for constitutional amendments?
Many amendments are not controversial
Sets with similar terms
Govt 2306 final
AP Government Review Questions
AP Gov Practice Test
Other Quizlet sets
Major exam #1
Law and Legal Test 1
BUSL 2550 Final
Pol 1133 Final Review CHPT. 12
What is the crucial point of contention in the debate over using race to determine college admissions?
What type of federalism was George W Bush a proponent of? What happened to the federal government during his two terms, and what did this result in?
The Homestead Steel Strike; workers in both the steel and silver industries strike. A battle between the strikers and the detectives sent to break up the strike occurs, killing several people. This breaks the power of the union.
Which president was known as the Great Communicator because of his use of television to build public support?