1st nine weeks terms and topics

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Mercantilism
Economic theory that state that a country should sell more goods than it buys.
Democracy
A form of government where citizens own the power to rule
Magna Carta
A document that limited the king power in England. Lead to the establishment of the English parliament
Government
Ruling authority for a community/country
Types include:
•Dictatorship
•Monarchy
Constitution
The United States of America's written plan for government
Colony
A group of people in one place ruled by a parent country elsewhere
Patriots
Colonist that supported independence from England
Shay's Rebellion
•Showed the people that the articles of the confederation were not effective.
•Resulted from high state taxes in Massachusetts
Monarchy
A nation that is ruled by a King or Queen
George Washington
•First president of the United States
•Commander of the continental army
•Leader of the constitutional convention
Thomas Paine
Wrote the pamphlet Common Sense
Town Hall meetings
•Very important part of a direct democracy, a place where people meet to make decisions, debate, and voter, We actually still see them in some New England states today
Articles of Confederation
The first constitution of the United States.
•A weak document
•No power to tax
•No power to enforce laws
Loyalists
Colonist that were loyal to the British King
Stamp Act
A tax on all paper goods sold in the colonies
1.News papers
2.Playing Cards
3.Legal Documents
4.Dice
Thomas Jefferson
•The third president
•Author of the declaration of independence
13 original Colonies
Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Virginia
Colonist
A person that lives in a colony
Jamestown, Virginia
The first permanent English settlement in America 1607
Ancient Athens Greece & England
Influenced the United States system of government both in the ancient world and modern world
Dictatorship
A person or small group of people that control a country
Declaration of Independence
•Document that officially announced the independence of the United State
Boston Tea Party / Boston Massacre
Two events that sparked the American Revolution
•Sons of liberty
•Crispus Attucks
Representative Democracy
A government where citizens chose a smaller group to govern on their behalf
Direct Democracy
Originated in ancient Greece.
Every eligible voter meet at a town meeting and voted on all issues facing the community.
Boycott
•The refusal of American colonist to buy or use English goods
•Lead to the repeal of the stamp act
•Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness"
unalienable rights
Intolerable Acts
Acts passed by the English to punish Boston for the boycott of English goods.
The quartering act forced colonist to house any and all English troops for free
Parliament
•established because nobles were angry at the king. Eventually this split into the House of Lords and the House of Commons.