Terms in this set (82)
What was the occupation of most composers in the Medieval era?
Monks, Priest, Clergy
The Medieval era took place between the years.
What was the main form of music used in the church of the Medieval period?
Who was the first known female composer?
Hildegard von Bingen
What are the 5 movements of the Mass?
V. Agnus Dei
Who were the two composers from the Notre Dame. What was their major contributions?
Leonin and Perotin: Rhythmic notation
Name a type of intrumental music highly popular in the Medieval era.
Describe a couple of reason the church weakens going in the Renaissance era.
King Henry divorce
Growth of literacy
The Renaissance era took place between the years
What was the event in the Renaissance which addressed issues of the malpractice in the church, an the role of music in the church?
Council of Trent
What is the primary musical texture of the Renaissance era?
Who was the composer who wrote polyphonic music which met the new demands of church music.
Name the secular genre of music which was new in the Renaissance, that typically included a lot of text-painting.
Briefly describe text-painting
Music illustrates what the text is saying
What is the instrumental genre in which there is a small orchestra playing, plus one or more soloists? What are the two types?
Concerto: Concerto Grosso and Solo Concerto
The Baroque era took place between what years
What is the name of the instrumental genre that is made of multiple movement, meant to represent dance music styles
What part of an opera precedes an aria, and is meant to sound like a conversation
What short vocal songs were basically hymn tunes, and in what language were they always sung?
A fugue is always which musical texture?
J.S. Bach is considered the "master of the ______"
Handel is considered the "master of the ____"
What instruments might typically play a basso continuo?
Harpsichord and cello
What were common themes of early Baroque operas? What was the typical mood of operas at the time?
Tragedy, wars, mythology: serious topics
Which two baroque composers were born in the same year?
Bach and Handel
What type of musical work is similar to opera but based on religious themes?
Describe the typical instrumentation of a Baroque sonata. In other words, what instruments would play this type of music?
Usually strings and a basso continuo that was made of harpsichord and cello
True or False: Classical melodies were tuneful and easy to sing
What was the main musical texture of the Classical Era?
The Classical period of music took place during the years?
Is the basso contituo used much in the Classical era?
Which of the following composers is not considered a master of the Classical period:
Johann Sebastian Bach
What is the name for a special ending of a symphonic movement, which ends in a climax of developmental material?
Sonata form can be diagrammed with the letters
The form called theme and variations may be diagrammed (with letters) as
A A" A''' A''''
The minuet and trio movement of a classical symphony, string quartet or other work is diagrammed (with letters)
aba cdc aba
Describe the tempos of the four movements in a Classical symphony
The rondo form may be diagrammed (with letters) as:
ABACABA or ABACADAEA
Because of its liveliness, regularity, and buoyancy, the rondo form most often serves as which movement in a classical symphony, string quartet or other work?
The return of the main theme is rondo form is usually:
Much like its first appearance
An oeratic trio is sung by how many people?
The type of music for a small ensemble of two to about ten player with one player per part performed in a small is called
A string quartet consists of what instruments?
2 violins, a viola, and a Cello
True or False: In a typical Classical solo concerto, there were usually two or three soloists
By the age of seven Mozart could :
A. Read music perfectly at first sight
B. Improvise fugues and compose minuets
C. Play the harpsichord (and eventually the piano) and the violin
D. All of the above
Which of the folllowing Italian operatic masterpieces was written by Mozart?
Italian comic opera was called
Italian serious opera was called
How many symphonies did Haydn write?
What are the four sections (families) of instruments in the Classical Orchestra?
Strings, Brass, Woodwind, Percussion
The Romantic era takes place between the years
What were the genres of music popular during the Romantic era?
Opera, Symphony. Art Song, Symphonic Poem
What is nationalism in music and why is it important?
Music about your own country; Lots of smaller countries formed at the time
Describe exoticism and give an example of it from the Romantic era
Music about foreign cultures; Hungarian Dances, by Brahms. He was German, writing Hungarian music.
What is program music, and three examples. Include the titles of the piece and their composers.
Music meant to evoke an image, idea, or scene.
* Symphonie Fantastique- Berlioz
* Nutcracker Suite- Tchaikovsky
* Totentanz- Liszt
True or False: The orchestra in the Romantic era was the same as the orchestra in the classical era
False (it was larger)
How was the piano improved during the Romantic period?
It became stronger, with more dynamic range
What is rubato?
When the tempo is sped up or slowed down at will
What is the name of Wagner's 19-hour opera cycle?
What instrument became an important "fixture" in the middle-class home?
What is an art song?
A composition for piano and voice
What is the German name for art song?
Which Romantic composer wrote 600 art songs?
Who wrote the Symphony Fantastique?
Name a couple of virtuoso pianists from the Romantic era
Chopin and Liszt
Who wat the Romantic composer credited with reviving the music of J.S. Bach?
What is the name of the late Romantic movement in music that meant to be musical depiction of the art that was popular at the time in France? Debussy was a leader in this movement.
What were two highly experimental movements in early 20th century music?
Primitivism and Expressionism
Which branch of 20th century music was more conservative, which valued tradition and beauty above experimentation?
Which composer was the father of the 12-tone system?
Who was America's first nationalist composer?
Highly experimental composer in the 20th century wanted to create music that expressed the tension and anguish that many people felt at that time. What are a few events in the world that would cause this outlook on life?
WWI, WW2 Great Depression (in America)
True or False: A typewriter can be a musical instrument.
What is the opposite of program music?
Name the 20th century American composer who drew from early American subjects for his works such as Rodeo, and Appalachian Spring?
Name the genre new to the 20th century which fuses script, acting, speech, music, singing, dancing, costumes, scenery, and spectacle. What earlier genre or music is it very similar to?
Musicals; Similar to Comic Opera or Opera Buffa
What is the name of the first "talking movie?"
The Jazz Singer
What was the concept created by Wagner in the Romantic that is highly used in effective film music?
Name the composer for music in the Star Wars, Indiana Jones, Jaws, and early Harry Potter films.
Sometimes a film composer will use music that does not match the mood of the scene Why is this done?
To disturb you. To create tension.
What composer is credited for music in the Mario Bros. and Legend of Zelda video games?
The musical Oklahoma! was written by what musical duo?
Rodgers and Hammerstein