In 2003, a panel of terrorist experts came together in Oslo, Norway, to address the causes of terrorism.
Although not an exhaustive list, several causes emerged from the conference:
A failed or weak state, which is unable to control terrorist operations
Rapid modernization, when, for example, a country's sudden wealth leads to rapid social change
Extreme ideologies—religious or secular
A history of political violence, civil wars, and revolutions
Repression by a foreign occupation (i.e., invaders to the inhabitants)
Large-scale racial or ethnic discrimination
The presence of a charismatic leader
Founded in 1945 after the devastation of World War II, the United Nations (UN) today includes 193 member states and is the principal organ of world governance.
In 2013, the UN was involved in overseeing 15 multinational peacekeeping forces in Afghanistan, the Sahara, Mali, Haiti, the Congo, Darfur, Syria, Cyprus, Lebanon, the Sudan, the Ivory Coast, Kosovo, India, and Pakistan.