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Hormones act at specific target organs because these organs contain ______ specific for the hormones.


Growth hormone, secreted by the _ gland, stimulates growth of bones and muscle by activating intermediary proteins called_.

anterior pituitary, somatomedins

____(hormone) from the anterior pituitary stimulates secretion of cortisol from the adrenal cortex(gland). The anterior pituitary consists of _tissue.

adrenal cortex, glandular

The parafollicular or C-cells of the throid gland produce _, a peptide hormone that lowers plasma calcium levels.

thyroid, calcitonin

Hormones secreted by the pancreatic islets of the pancreas include _ from the alpha cells and __from the beta cells. Which of these hormones raise blood glucose levels?

glucagon, insulin, glucagon

Specialized muscles cells in the heart produce _(hormone), which increases excretion of _ (electrolyte) by the kidneys.

ANP, sodium

___(hormone) promotes the final conversion of vitamin D to __in the kidney.

PTH, calcitriol

_____(hormone) produced by G-cells in teh pyloric antrum stimulates ___secretion in the stomach.

Gastrin, hydrochloric acid

One ventral hypothalamic hormone __ is essential for the stress response and another (__) inhibits release of prolactin.

CRH or cortisol, PIH

____(hormone) is a stimulus for sperm production in the male and maturation of ovarian follicles in the female.


____, secreted by the pineal gland, helps regulate body activities with the light-dark cycle.


The zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex primarily produces the hormone ___ which acts on the ___(organ) to increase__(electrolyte) reabsorption.

aldosterone, kidney, sodium

__ __ (gland) is a modified sympathetic ganglion producing the amine hormones known as ____. This category of amine hormones includes both ____ and _____(two hormones).

adrenal medulla, catecholamines, epenephrine, norepenephrine

The __(organ) produces a steroid hormone called ___ in the interstitial cells and a peptide hormone called __ that inhibits FSH.

testes, testosterone, inhibin

Large follicles in this gland (___) contain a protein colloid called ___ from which the hormones __ and ___ are made. These hormones regulate many metabolic functions and are important for nervous systems development and growth.

thyroid, thyroglobulin, t3, t4

pituitary gland is also called the?


Anterior Pituitary releases 6 hormones called

fsh, lh, acth, tsh, gh

fsh and lh are what type of hormones

sex hormones

acth works with what part of the body

adrenal cortex

tsh produces what two hormones

t3 and t4

gh works with what

muscles and bones

prolactin makes what

milk production

posterior pituitary produces two hormones called

oxytocin and adh

oxytocin is involved with what


adh is involved with

water balance

parafollicular cells make what to decrease blood calcium


what increases blood calcium and basically robs the bone of calcium


rides piggy back on thyroid

parathyroid gland

adrenal cortex has three layers called what

zona glomerulosa, zona fasiculata, zona reticularis

zona glomerulosa produces what hormones and is involved with what

aldosterone and salt balance

zona fasiculata is involved with what

cortisol and sugar

zona reticularis is involved with what

androgens (testosterone) and sex

what is the center part of the adrenal gland

adrenal medulla

what produces epinephrine and norepinephrine also known as adrenalin

chromaffin cells

what is a dual function organ that has exocrine and endocrine structures/functions


what cell from the pancreas islets produce glucagons that raise blood sugar

alpha cells

what cell from the pancreas islets produce insulin that lowers blood sugar

beta cells

what aids in t-cell formation and the immune system (wbcs)


what is located in the 3rd ventricle and makes melatonin

pineal gland

what maintains our day and night cycles


what produces testosterone from interstitial cells


what produces estrogens and progesterone


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