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AP Lang Final Terms - Sinsigalli
Terms in this set (33)
-a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa, as in Cleveland won by six runs for the baseball team from Cleveland won by six runs
-the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant, for example suit for business executive, or the track for horse racing
-a literary technique in which conjunctions (e.g. and, but, or) are used repeatedly in quick succession, often with no commas, even when the conjunctions could be removed
-a figure of speech in which an opposition or contrast of ideas is expressed by parallelism of words that are the opposites of, or strongly contrasted with, each other, such as "hatred stirs up strife, but love covers all sins"
-a rhetorical or literary figure in which words, grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order, in the same or a modified form; e.g. 'Poetry is the record of the best and happiest moments of the happiest and best minds.'
-a statement or proposition that, despite sound reasoning from acceptable premises, leads to a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory.
-the omission from speech or writing of a word or words that are superfluous or able to be understood from contextual clues
-ironical understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary (e.g., you won't be sorry, meaning you'll be glad ).
-a fanciful expression in writing or speech; an elaborate extended metaphor
-a situation where the outcome is incongruous with what was expected, but it is also more generally understood as a situation that includes contradictions or sharp contrasts
-where a speaker intends to communicate the opposite of what they mean
-irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters
-(of an argument or reaction) directed against a person rather than the position they are maintaining
-fallacious logical device in which a person asserts that some event must inevitably follow from another without any rational argument or demonstrable mechanism for the inevitability of the event in question.
-a fallacy in which an irrelevant topic is presented in order to divert attention from the original issue
begging the question
-a logical fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument is used as a premise of that same argument
-an informal fallacy of faulty generalization by reaching an inductive generalization based on insufficient evidence—essentially making a hasty conclusion without considering all of the variables
-a fallacy with the following form: Person A is (claimed to be) an authority on subject S. Person A makes claim C about subject S. Therefore, C is true.
-creates fear in people as evidence to support a claim - mostly done by some form of threat
-a figure of speech in which a word applies to two others in different senses (e.g., John and his license expired last week ) or to two others of which it semantically suits only one (e.g., with weeping eyes and hearts ).
-euphemistic figure of speech that intentionally understates something or implies that it is lesser in significance or size than it really is
-the repetition of a word or words at the end of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences
-the repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences
-a figure of speech whereby a writer or a speaker detaches himself from the reality and addresses an imaginary character in his speech
-the inversion of the usual order of words or clauses
-giving two or more parts of the sentences a similar form so as to give the passage a definite pattern
-a short story, typically with animals as characters, conveying a moral
-a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing
-(of language) used in ordinary or familiar conversation; not formal or literary
-an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned
-a stylistic device employed at the sentence level, described as one that is not complete grammatically or semantically before the final clause or phrase
-a type of sentence in which the main idea (independent clause) is elaborated by the successive addition of modifying clauses or phrases
-a clause, typically introduced by a conjunction, that forms part of and is dependent on a main clause
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