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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 20 Industrial revolution
Terms in this set (14)
What was the Industrial Revolution?
A time where products were changing from being made by hand to being made by machine
Where did the Industrial Revolution take place?
In which industry did it begin?
When did the Industrial Revolution begin?
A spinning wheel that allowed spinners to work eight threads at a time
This machine played an important role in the mechanization of textile production. Like the spinning wheel, it may be operated by a treadle or by hand. But, unlike the spinning wheel, it can spin more than one yarn at a time. The idea for multiple-yarn spinning was conceived about 1764 by James Hargreaves, an English weaver. In 1770, he patented a machine that could spin 16 yarns at a time. (643, 727)
1780's; Richard Arkwright; powered by horse or water; turned out yarn much faster than cottage spinning wheels, led to development of mechanized looms
The use of orphans
They were used as workers for the factories
Significance of Steam engine
quicker and safer way to travel, great for farmers because it was a safer way to get goods down the river
significance of Locomotive
A government's way of supporting and aiding its own economy by laying high taxes on imported goods from other countries, as when the French responded to cheaper British goods flooding their country by imposing high tariffs on some imported products.
A free-trade union established among the major German states in 1834.
Prussian economic union, removed tariff barriers between German states, in step toward political unity
The Factory Acts
A series of laws passed by the English Parliament in the late 19th century that limited the number of hours that children and women could legally be made to work in a day
The Mines Act of 1842
said that NO FEMALES were allowed to work in the mines or children UNDER THE AGE OF TEN.
Any of a group of British workers who between 1811 and 1816 rioted and destroyed laborsaving textile machinery in the belief that such machinery would diminish employment.
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