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History Unit 1 Test
Terms in this set (30)
What made manufacturing more structured and uniform, producing pieces that could fit in any component of its kind.
Eli Whitney's invention of the
made the production of cotton more efficient, ultimately causing the institution of slavery to expand in the South.
Most early factories of the market revolution produced what?
How did the criminalization of the Atlantic slave trade in 1808 and subsequent increase in the interstate slave trade affect enslaved communities?
they often tore families apart, which forced enslaved people to create chosen families. The end of the Atlantic slave trade encouraged enslavers to use various methods to ensure enslaved women produced more children.
Which policy ideas were established as the Monroe Doctrine?
that European monarchies were not allowed to interfere in Central and South America, and that the United States would stay out of European affairs. Interference between the U.S. and Great Britain's navy caused problems, which led to the decision over the Monroe Doctrine.
How did technological advancements change agriculture in the early 19th century?
changed agriculture in the early 19th century because it expanded the economy and the manufacturing process became faster. This prompted many families to begin to farm for profit.
List outcomes and characteristics of the market revolution.
New innovations and technologies, led to expansion of American slavery system, and increased commercial farming in North and midwest
Explain the factory system implemented during the market revolution. What kind of work did it replace?
replaced artisan's unique works.
Which group of people in the U.S. community gained the right to vote through their state legislatures during the Age of Jackson?
Common white men
What major federal financial institution did Andrew Jackson and his party oppose (and ultimately destroy?)
the Second Bank of the United States
In what ways did white allies join the black freedom struggle in the 1830s and 1840s?
by joining anti-slavery societies, writing or reading abolitionist material, and boycotting products made by enslaved labor.
After the fall of the Second National Bank, what practice did state banks increase at a shocking and risky rate?
state banks issued a lot of loans and paper currency, which led to inflation. Jackson also required that people use gold and silver instead of paper money. This ultimately led to the Panic of 1837.
Why did the American Whig Party name themselves so?
a British political group that was opposed to the monarchy. This was because they thought Jackson was exploiting and exceeding his rights as the president, arguing he was more like a king than a president.
Why did the common (landless) freed black man not gain the right to vote en masse during the Age of Jackson like the common white man did upon the removal of property requirements in voting laws?
because the government was worried that black men would go to the polls in large numbers.
What policy did the Indian Removal Act of 1830 set in place?
Indians could either give up their culture and assimilate into the United States' culture or have to leave their homeland to go to Oklahoma.
How did the concept of manifest destiny contribute to U.S. expansion and policy towards native americans?
it promoted white men exploring and gaining more land to the west, but a lot of this land they were exploring was already inhabited by native americans.
Why was the terminus (end) of the Oregon Trail so important and bustling with western settlers?
it was where settlers could file for land claims in Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Wyoming.
Why did the Mexican government encourage American settlement in Texas?
The Mexican government encouraged American settlement in Texas to avoid conflicts between Tejano settlements and Native Americans.
Why did the Mexican government ban American settlement by 1830?
Americans wanted to practice slavery even though it was outlawed in Mexico. Americans also began to outnumber Tejanos and that was a threat to Mexico's political power over the area.
What were the consequences of the Mexican-American war?
The U.S. gained present-day California, Nevada, Utah, and parts of Arizona, Colorado and Wyoming through the treaty and a 15 million dollar settlement known as the Gadsden Purchase.
Why did the expansion of the United States create new political problems regarding slavery?
each new territory or state application threatened the political balance between states that had outlawed slavery and those who had not. This meant each new application renewed a debate about slavery in Congress.
What were some of the negative impacts of the California Gold Rush?
Californio's losing land and Native Americans dying from gold miners or the diseases settlers brought into the region.
In what ways did the American identity diversify between 1830 and 1860?
due to immigration from other countries, such as Germany, Ireland, and China. Immigrants merged American culture with their previous country's culture, which resulted in America being more diverse than before.
How did the Know-Nothing party try to limit the freedoms of immigrants in the United States?
by making laws that prevented immigrants from voting and holding public offices. The Know-Nothing party also wanted immigrants to live in America for 21 years before they could become citizens.
What role did religion have in diversifying the American identity and increasing reform movements?
because many immigrants introduced new religions to the United States, and many abolitionists used exerts from religious passages to contradict slavery. Many religious beliefs and concepts were used during the Second Great Awakening to combat slavery, sexism, and inequalities in jails and schooling.
What reform work did Dorothea Dix and Dwight Louis do?
for prisons and advocated for asylums for the mentally ill, instead of placing them in poorhouses or prisons.
What did members of the Lowell Female Reform Association seek to change?
to change the long hours and dangerous work conditions they were working under, along with increasing their wages.
In what ways did abolitionists use print sources to build a case for the abolition of slavery?
by creating newspapers and handing out articles on the street, such as, The Liberator.
How did Americans' understanding of the concept of freedom change during the 19th century?
abolitionists and feminists fought for their rights, the culture around religion and traditions shifted and diversified, and settlers migrated west.
Why did Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organize a convention at Seneca Falls in 1848?
to rewrite womens' rights into the history of America. Seneca Falls let many prominent figures in the women rights movement share their thoughts, and create a document that asserted women's rights.
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