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Anatomy - Chapter 1: Body Cavities and Membranes

Body cavities and membranes of the human body
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axial portion
includes the head, neck, and trunk
appendicular portion
includes the upper and lower limbs
dorsal cavity
located within the axial portion of the body; includes the cranial cavity and vertebral canal
ventral cavity
located with the axial portion of the body; includes the thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity
cranial cavity
located in the dorsal cavity; houses the brain
vertebral canal
also called the spinal cavity; located in the dorsal cavity; contains the spinal cord
diaphragm
muscles that separates the thoracic from the abdominopelvic cavity
mediastinum
separates the thorax into two compartments that contain the right and left lungs
abdominal cavity
includes the stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, and the small and large intestines
pelvic cavity
contains the terminal end of the large intestine, the urinary bladder, and internal reproductive organs
oral cavity
contains teeth and tongue
nasal cavity
located within the nose and divided into right and left portions by a nasal septum
orbital cavities
contains the eyes and associated muscles and nerves
middle ear cavities
contains the middle ear bones
serous membranes
line the walls of the thoracic and abdominal cavities
parietal layer
layer lining the wall of a cavity
visceral layer
layer lining the organ within a cavity
parietal pleura
serous membrane that lines the thoracic compartment that house the lungs
visceral pleura
serous membrane covering the lungs
pleural cavity
potential space between the parietal and visceral pleural membranes
pleural membranes
includes the parietal and visceral pleura
pericardial membranes
includes the parietal and visceral pericardium
visceral pericardium
also called the epicardium; serous membrane that covers the surface of the heart
parietal pericardium
serous membrane that lines the pericardial cavity
pericardial cavity
potential space between the parietal and visceral pericardial membranes
peritoneal membranes
includes the parietal and visceral peritoneal membranes
parietal peritoneum
serous membrane that lines the walls of the abdominal cavity
visceral peritoneum
serous membrane that lines the organs within the abdominal cavity
peritoneal cavity
potential space between the parietal and visceral peritoneal membranes