39 terms

Structures and Functions of Living Organsisms

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

How are Bacteria and Viruses similar?
Both have DNA and RNA
Eukaryotic
- has a nucleus / organelles
- uni & multicellular
Can see with naked eye.
- Plant and Animals
Found in plant not animal
- central vacuole
- chloroplasts
- cell wall
Protist/Parasite
- needs a host to survive
Prokaryotic
- no nucleus / organelles
- uni-cellular
- Bacteria
- Archea bacteria
Archea Bacteria
- live in extreme conditions
- volcanoes and hydrothermal vents
Can be treated through antibiotics
bacteria
Is prokaryotic
bacteria
Produces through binary fission
bacteria
Has three basic shapes
bacteria
Is a cell but with no nucleus
bacteria
smallest of microbes
virus
reproduces by Injecting its genetic material into a host cell
virus
Composed of DNA and RNA surrounded by a portion coat called a capsid.
virus
is non-living
virus
ebola, AIDS, and influenza
virus
lives in or on another organism
protist
can cause intestinal disorders
protist
need a most environment to live. Can be transmitted through water, undercooked meat, and fecal matter.
protist
is always a unicellular eukaryotic
protist
athletes foot
fungi
can be made into food or medicines such as antibodies
fungi
is usually an unicellular eukaryotic, but other forms can be multicellular.
fungi
microorganisms
living thing that can't be seen with out microscope.
microbiology
study of microscopic organisms
pathogen
microorganism that causes disease
contagions
infectious diseases which are transmitted from one organism to another.
carrier
you have infectious disease but show no signs of having the disease
mutate
to change
infectious disease
have a pathogen and causes problems. AIDS and Chickenpox
epidemic
outbreak of disease that affects many people in that area.
pandemic
when epidemic spreads throughout the world.
(*pan*gea, panpan*gea, *pan*demic)
vector
organism that transmits a disease.
* Mosquito vector of Malaria
* Tick is vector of Lime disease
antibodies
proteins produced when immune system detects harmful substance
vaccine
contains weakened or a dead form of a pathogen
antibiotics
drugs used to kill bacteria or prevent their reproduction
antimicrobial product
substance thats designed to kill microbes before they enter body
antibiotic resistance
occurs when bacteria develop a tolerance to survive treatment with rugs that once killed them.
biotechnology
use of living systems/organisms to develop/make products.
-Pro. Because bacteria multiply rapidly they can use them to create drugs
- Con. Could create new pathogen