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EMT Basic - AAOS - Chapter 1
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Terms in this set (35)
Factor in increasing in patient survival during Korean War
Bringing hospitals closer to the patient.
Mobile Intensive Care Units (MICU's)
Units staffed by physicians that intended to bring the hospital to the patient. Common in Europe in the 1950's & 60's.
National Academy of Science & National Research Counsel White paper
"Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society" 1966.
National Highway Safety Act
1966, Legislation stemming from "Accidental Death and Disability".
Dr. Eugene Nagel
"Father of Paramedicine", taught advanced medical techniques to Miami Firefighters.
Emergency Medical Services Act
1973, Focused on regional development of EMS and trauma care.
National Standard Curriculum for Paramedics
Established in 1977
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 10 System Elements to EMS
1.) Regulation & Policy |2.) Resource Management |3.) Human Resources & Training |4.) Transportation |5.) Facilities |6.) Communication |7.) Public Information & Education |8.) Medical Direction |9.) Trauma Systems |10.) Evaluation
Modern Day EMS System
Complex system that provides various level of care to a community.
Levels incorporated in an EMS system:
Dispatcher, First Responder, EMT Basic, EMT Intermediate, EMT Paramedic.
Roles & Responsibilities of a Paramedic:
Preparation, Response, Scene Management, Patient Assessment & Care, Management & Disposition, Patient Transfer, Documentation, Return to Service.
Continous Quality Improvement
Process of assessing for issues without waiting for an issue to arise, considered dynamic. |Goal is to improve patient care.
Quality Assurance, accomplished by coworkers reviewing runs.
Institutional Review Board
US Public Health Service outlined requirements for reviewing research to ensure proper ethical, scientific and regulatory integrity.
Research by observation, no attempt to alter / change event.
Research of new ideas, products or skills in trial phase.
Research based on a clear problem, idea or question identified prior to data collection.
Research based on currently available data.
Cross Sectional Research
Research based on a group of people over a period of defined time.
Research format that uses a hypothesis to prove one finding from another.
How much variation there is from the "average" (mean).
Computer generated list (random) of subjects or groups for research.
Values that qualify an individual for a study / research. IE - The 35 yom falls within the parameter of males aged 30 to 40.
Alternative Time Sampling
Setting time frame parameters for identifying subjects for research.
Assigning subjects to a specific person or crew. Least preferred method of assigning subjects for research.
First Step in Research
Identifying specific problems or questions.
Second Step in Research
Identifying how to study the problem / question.
Third Step in Research
Identifying the group needed to study the problem / question (randomly).
Describes errors that will occur in the selection process of subjects for a research project. Subjects will be included that aren't good fits for the study and good candidates will be excluded.
Subjects / participants will not be told of objectives or goals.
Subjects / participants are given full disclosure towards objective and / or goals.
Observations based on collected data. Subdivided into Descriptive and Inferential.
Subdivided into Qualitative and Quantitative.
No numbers involved, least accurate.
Numerical based, incorporates averages (mean, median, mode) to describing data.
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