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Health- First Aid and Emergencies Test Study Guide
Terms in this set (31)
the immediate, temporary care given to an ill or injured person until medical help arrives.
Check, Call, Care
the three steps you should use when arriving upon a scene of an accident.
when the skin is scaled across a hard surface, tiny blood vessels break and result in an abrasion.
a cut caused by a sharp object, such as a knife or broken glass. companied by bleeding.
a small, but deep hole cause by a pin, nail, fang, or other object that pierces skin.
results when tissue is partially or completely separated from the body. Heavy bleeding is common with this type of injury.
First Aid for Open Wounds
cover the wound with a sterile gauze or a clean cloth and press firmly. Elevate the wound about the level of the heart if possible. Cover the gauze with a sterile bandage. If necessary, cover the dressing with a reassure bandage.
First Degree Burn
only the outer layer of skin is burned and turns red.
Second Degree Burn
the top several layers of skin are damaged and blister will quickly appear.
Third Degree Burn
serious burn in which the deepest layers of skin and possibly muscle, fat, nerves, and banes are damaged.
First Aid for a First Degree Burn
can be treated by running cold water for ten minutes. Pat the area dry and cover with a sterile bandage.
First Aid for a Second Degree Burn
can be treated by running cold water and elevate the wound. Wrap loosely with a sterile dressing. Do not pop or peel blisters. Seek medical attention.
First Aid for a Third Degree Burn
can be treated by running a large amount of cold water. Cover the area with a dry, sterile dressing. Seek immediate medical attention.
involuntary contraction of a muscle.
an injury to a muscle, usually resulting from overuse of the muscle.
an injury to a ligament, usually resulting from a sudden, twisting force.
Protest, Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate.
First Aid for Cramps
stretch the affected muscle. massage the muscle firmly, apply moist heat to the area, seek medical help if injury persists.
First Aid for Sprains and Strains
P.R.I.C.E should be used.
Rabies and Tetanus
two of the most serious consequences of animal bites.
First Aid for Animal Bites
wash the area with mild soap and warm water. Use direct pressure to stop bleeding, cover the wound with a clean dressing or cloth. Watch the area closely, if the surrounding area begins to appear streaked or if pus begins to ooze, seek medical help.
can be caused by trauma to the nose, allergies, or even too much picking.
First Aid for Nosebleeds
keep the bleeder quite and still. Walking, talking, and blowing the nose may increase bleeding. Have the bleeder breathe through his/her mouth. Have them sit down and learn forward. Press the nostril and maintain for fifteen minutes.
any substance solid, liquid, or gas that can cause injury or death when swallowed or absorbed into the human body
a poisonous substance secreted by a snake, spider, or other venomous creature. Injected into the body through a bite or sting.
Poison Control Center
a 24 hour hot line that provides emergency medical advice to treat poisonings. 1-800-222-1222
First Aid for Swallowed Poisons
Call the poison control center or 911 and prepare to follow instructions or answers given by them. You may be told to induce vomit.
First Aid for Inhaled Poisons
get the victim to fresh air and if the victim is not breathing, start rescue breathing. Call 911!
First Aid for Poison on the Skin
remove contaminated clothing, rinse skin with warm water for fifteen minutes and call 911!
First Aid for Snake Bites
get the victim to the hospital. Keep the victim calm and in a reclined position, if possible. Keep the bitten area below the heart. Do not give the victim aspirin or other drugs. Do not apply heat or ice.
First Aid for Insect Stings or Bites
Call 911. If a allergic reaction occurs, use an Epi-pen and it should be uncapped and injected into the upper thigh muscle. If no allergic reaction occurs, use a clean finger nail or the edge of a credit card to scrape the stinger out.