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Chapter 2 Psychology
Terms in this set (25)
A(n) ________ is a well-developed set of ideas that proposes an explanation for observed phenomena
Krista and Tatiana Hogan are participants in a(n) ________ of conjoined twins who are joined at the head.
In a ________ study, both the researchers and the participants are unaware of the group assignments.
Lesly, a sociology major, believes that money is the key to happiness . Her friend Stephen, a psychology major, believes that good health is the key to happiness. How might the two friends resolve their disagreement?
They could research peer-reviewed articles to see if ethier perspective is supported.
A group of preschool-age children is enrolled in a study that plans to follow them over time to assess behaviors and other characteristics that may predict later development of schizophrenia. This is an example of a(n) ________ design.
Which of the following would be the best example of a valid naturalistic observation study in driving behavior?
watching footage obtained from cameras set up unobtrusively on various streets
A negative correlation means ________.
one variable decreases as the other increases
A confounding variable is a variable that affects both variables of interest and may falsely give the impression of a cause-and-effect relationship.
Sandra strongly believes that attending daycare is detrimental to children's development so she decides to write her psychology term paper on this topic. She does a literature search and finds several sources supporting her opinion, but she finds that the majority of research indicates that children attending daycare experience healthy development. She writes a paper using sources that find negative associations with daycare attendance. This is an example of ________.
A basic experiment involves a minimum of ________ participant group(s).
The dependent group does not get the experimental treatment.
The ________ is controlled by the experimenter.
Devine et al. are interested in assessing whether active versus passive play causes a preference for sweet or salty foods in toddlers. They assign groups of children to either an active play, passive play, or no playgroup and record their food choices when presented with a variety of sweet and salty foods. In this study, ________ is the independent variable and ________ is the control group.
type of play; no play
________ refers to the ability to consistently produce a given result.
________ refers to the ability of an instrument or tool to accurately measure what it is supposed to measure.
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