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Chapter 9 Study Questions for Exam 3
Dr. Marta Hartmann Exam 3 Study Guide
Terms in this set (26)
What is Maslow's hierarchy of human needs?
What is Level I of Maslow's hierarchy?
Physiological needs: Food, sex, sleep, drink, shelter
What is Level II of Maslow's hierarchy?
Safety and security needs: Protection, structure, freedom from fear
What is Level III of Maslow's hierarchy?
Social and belonging needs: Love, interaction, friendship, intimacy
What is Level IV of Maslow's hierarchy?
Recognition and achievement needs: Usefulness, self-esteem, being vauled
What is Level V of Maslow's hierarchy?
Self actualization needs: Personal growth, reaching one's potential, development of new skills
What does the model of Maslow's hierarchy help us understand in terms of culture?
The challenges of moving from one culture to another, our ability to meet these needs is likely hindered or suspended for some time.
What is acculturation?
The process of becoming communicatively competent in a culture we have not been raised in.
What is acculturation needed for?
Necessary to be able to function at even a basic level and meet our needs in another culture.
Is acculturation and assimilation the same process?
No. With Assimilation you lose yourself. With Acculturation you becoming able to effectively communicate in another culture.
How does acculturation and enculturation differ?
Acculturation is learning about another culture. Enculturation is the process of learning one's own culture.
Who is an expatriate?
Anyone living in a different country from the one in which they were raised.
What are some negative effects of intercultural immersion?
Intimidating, often results in negative feelings toward host community, our basic needs are not being fully met.
What are the four models of acculturation?
Osland's journey of the hero
Louis' surprise and sense-making
Kim's stress, adaption and growth
List the four stages of the U-Curve Model.
List the six parts of Osland's journey of the hero.
Call to Adventure
In the Belly of the Whale
The Magical Friend (a mentor)
Road of Trials
List some key elements of Louis' surprise and sense-making Model.
Update expectations and view setting
Select behavioral approach
List factors of Kim's stress, adaption and growth Model.
Personal Communication (cognitive, affective, behavioral)
Predisposition (prepare for change, ethnic proximity, adaptive personality)
Environment (host receptivity, host conformity pressure, ethnic group strength of the stranger's home community)
Social Communication Practices (mass communication, interpersonal communication)
What is culture shock?
Crisis of being in a forgein culture and our basic needs not being fully met.
What is deculturation?
A loss of certain cultural ways of seeing or doing things.
What is intercultural transformation?
A transformation in terms of functional behaviors, psychological health and intercultural identity.
Why is returning home a cultural transition?
Personal and cultural changes occurred in time away
Development of unrealistic expectations about one's home
General lack of interest in the experience by those from home
What is the W-Curve Model?
When the U-Curve Model is experience after returning home.
What constitutes a cultural transition?
Go through a major move such a working abroad in another community, Go through a move within the same cultural community (neighborhood or taking a new job)
Does intercultural training prevent feelings of discomfort and frustration?
How does cultural training facilitate cultural transitions?
Gives us resources for making sense of cultural transitions in positive, patient ways rather than with the negative, condemning reaction that so often happens.
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