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The path of blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs and back to the left atrium.
Circulation that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to the rest of the body and back to the right atrium.
The tunica intima has a _____ which gives it a smooth shiny surface and allows blood to flow freely.
True or False: veins are much more susceptible to clot formation as there is less pressure, blood moves slower and sits still longer.
Arteries are also called _____ vessels, they conduct blood from larger arteries to arterioles.
Ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta, thoracic aorta and abdominal aorta
List the 5 branches of the aorta.
Branching off the ascending aorta are the _____ which supply the myocardium of the heart.
Brachiocephalic artery, left common carotid and left subclavian artery
Branching off the aortic arch are the ___________.
Right common carotid and right subclavian arteries
The ________ branch off the brachiocephalic artery.
Celiac trunk, superior and inferior mesenteric arteries, renal arteries, gonadal arteries and lumbar arteries
List the arteries which branch off the abdominal aorta.
_____ veins are located right under the skin and have no arteries of the same name with which they travel.
This vein is a V-shaped structure which connects the cephalic and basilica veins in the cubital fossa.
This vein is the longest in the body - starts on the medial foot and merges with the femoral vein.
Vertebral arteries and internal carotid arteries
Which vessels provide the blood supply to the brain?
A dilated region at the origin of the internal carotid that functions as a baroreceptor.
Circle of Willis
A circular arrangement of arteries that give off branches that supply oxygen to the brain.
Internal carotid artery and basilar artery
Which two arteries provide branches to form the circle of willis?
The end producs of digestion need to be transported to the liver so they are taken from the stomach, large and small intestines to the liver by the ______.
Portal vein, hepatic veins and hepatic artery
The portal system is made up of three groups of vessels; the ____ the _____ and the _____.
This vein brings blood rich in digestive end products from the digestive organs to the liver.
The _____ is essential in the metabolism of fats, carbs, proteins; detoxification; storage etc.
True or False: The developing fetus relies on maternal blood supply to provide oxygen and nutrients as well as eliminate waste products.
The exchange of oxygen, nutrients and waste between mother and fetus happens via the _____.
Vein / arteries
The umbilical cord is composed of one large umbilical _____ and two smaller umbilical _____.
False (blood should not mix)
True or False: Blood as well as oxygen, nutrients and waste is passed between mother and child in fetal circulation.
Veins / Arteries
In fetal circulation, _____ carry oxygenated blood while _____ carry deoxygenated blood.
This fetal vessel allows oxygenated blood to be carried toward the right atrium of the fetal heart.
True or False: The ductus venosus directs most of the blood away from the fetal liver and sends it toward the fetal heart.
Valve-like opening with Interatrial septum which allows blood to flow from right to left atrium thereby bypassing the fetal lungs.
True or False: fetal lungs are not inflated so they do not need oxygen and do not create oxygenated blood.
This connection allows blood to flow from the pulmonary artery into the aorta thereby bypassing the fetal lungs.
This vessel of fetal circulation provides a second chance for oxygenated blood to go from the right ventricle to the aorta.
A pressure wave traveling through the arteries with each beat of the heart due to an alternating expansion and recoiling of arteries.
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