Exam Review Coach Noblitt
Terms in this set (100)
The study of external features such as bony projections that serve as landmarks to locate deeper structures is:
The study of the body's organization by areas (the approach used in most medical schools) is
X-rays, ultrasound, MRI, and other technologies used to create pictures of internal structures are examples of
The scientific discipline that deals with the processes or functions of living things is
The organ system that consists of skin, hair, and nails, and protects the body and prevents water loss is the
The organ system that maintains tissue fluid balance, absorb fats, and combats disease is the
Given these structures:
4. organ system
Arrange them from smallest to largest:
The basic living unit of all plants and animals is the
What helps maintain homeostasis?
- as body temperature rises, sweating occurs
- when a person drinks large quantities of their favorite smooth beverage, their kidneys produce more urine
- when a person eats large quantities of salt, their kidneys excrete more salt
- when blood pressure decreases, heart rate increases
What is true about negative feedback?
Negative Feedback is important for maintaining homeostasis in the body
What is an example of positive feedback?
INCREASED stretch of the uterus causes it to contract, which further increases stretch
A vertical plane that divides the body into right and left halves is
In which quadrant of the abdomen would the pain of the acute appendicitis be felt?
The thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominal cavity by the
The fluid found between serous membrane layers
The smallest particle into which an element can be divided using conventional chemical means is
Subatomic particles located in the nucleus of an atom are
Protons and neutrons
Subatomic particles that possess a negative charge and move around the nucleus of an atom
The atomic number of an atom is equal to
the number of protons in the atom
If a molecule consists of two or more different kinds of atoms, it may be referred to as..
The most abundant element by weight in the human body is...
The most abundant element (by number of atoms in the human body is)
When one atom loses an electron and another atom accepts an electron
an ionic bond results
Atoms that have donated or accepted electrons are called...
After an atom accepts an electron, it becomes..
an ion and negatively charged
Covalent bonds occur when
two atoms share electrons
is synthesized using energy from the breakdown of food molecules and is the energy currency of the cell
Two atoms with the same number of protons and electrons, but different numbers of neutrons is called:
A substance that increases the rate which a reaction proceeds, without itself being changed or depleted is a...
A solution with a pH level of 7 is considered to be...
Glycogen and starch are examples of...
Enzymes function by...
having a specific shape that allows them to bind to reactants
Epithelium with multiply layers of tall, thin cells
Epithelium with single layer of cube shaped cells
Epithelium with a single layer of flat, often hexagonal cells
What conducts action potentials away from the cell body
Receive action potentials and conduct them toward the cell body
Cells tapered at each end, unstrained, involuntary and with a single nucleus
Tissue that stores fat
tissue that covers all free body surfaces
cells that support neurons: part of nervous tissue
band between adjacent cardiac muscle cells
large phagocytic cell
tissue with cells that appear to be in layers, but are not
tissue with flattened or saclike cells
tissue with cells that are in layers
During the growth of a long bone, the site of growth in length is the
occurs in the bones in the roof of the skull
Which of these statements about bone remodeling and repair is correct?
Bone is the major storage site for calcium in the body. The zone of tissue repair between two bone fragments is called a callus.
After ______ become completely surrounded by bone matrix, they are called ______.
smooth, rounded end of bone where it forms a joint with another bone
enlarged (often rounded) end
Which bone is NOT part of the axial skeleton?
Subdivision of the skull that protects the brain.
Which section of the vertebral column is matched with its correct number of vertebrae?
Which joints could be described as a saddle joint?
the thumb joint
The main movement required by the thigh to move from sitting to standing is
You turn a doorknob clockwise to open the door. The movement your hand makes would be called.
A break in the shaft of a bone would be a break in the _____
Which is a part of the appendicular skeleton?
Which is NOT a characteristic of skeletal muscle?
releases part of its energy as heat
The condition in which a muscle remains contracted between stimuli without relaxing is called _____
The characteristic that allows muscles to have a slow, smooth, sustained contraction is _____
recruitment of motor neurons
A high-energy molecule that can be quickly used to produce ATP is _______
produces lactic acid within the muscle and produces an oxygen debt
The muscles responsible for elevating the ribs during inspiration is _____
the external intercostals
Enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine
What is most resistant to fatigue?
A. slow twitch muscle fibers
B. fast twitch muscle fibers
slow twitch muscle fibers
What is the predominant muscle in the upper limbs?
A. slow twitch muscle fibers
B. fast twitch muscle fibers
fast twitch muscle fibers
In a neuron, cell processes that receive information and carry it to the cell body are called ______.
Gaps between segments of oligodendrytes or between individual schwann cells are called ______.
nodes of Ranvier
may branch to form collateral axons, often surrounded by a myelin sheath, carry action potentials away from the cell body
Clusters of the nerve cell bodies located in the PNS are called ______
Which is NOT an essential component of a reflex arc?
An afferent neuron from a pain receptor and a neuron from the brain both synapse with a motor neuron. This is an example of...
The part of the brain stem that regulates heart rate, breathing, swallowing, coughing, and sneezing is ...
the medulla oblongata
A group of nuclei scattered throughout the brain stem that play a role in arousing and maintaining consciousness is the...
Which is NOT a component of the diencephalon?
The most inferior portion of the diencephalon, which is very important in control of body temperature, hunger, thirst, and controls the pituitary gland is the...
Numerous raised folds on the surface of each cerebral hemisphere are called...
The deep grove that separates the right and left cerebral hemisphere is the...
What does the right cerebral hemisphere do?
controls the activity of, and receives sensory input from the left side of the body
The thickest and most superficial of the meninges is the ______
Blood has a total volume of approx. ____ liters
The process of blood cell production is called _________
Persons with type O blood type are ______ _______
Persons with B blood who receive type A blood will have a _____ reaction.
Antibodies in the blood of a donor can react with the ______ in the recipient.
To reduce the likelihood of a transfusion reaction, all possible blood types must be....
Type O+ blood can be given to a person with ____ blood
Rh positive is the type of blood a fetus has with ________.
An _____ is a detached clot of substance that floats through the circulatory system and becomes lodged in a blood vessel.
_____ is given to prevent hemolytic disease of the newborns.
A _______ mother has a chance of having a baby with hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Type O blood does not have A and B ______ but does have A and B ______
Type ___ blood has A antigens and B antigens