75 terms

Theories Final

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Reciprocity is the idea that we expect others to meet our needs if we attempt to meet their needs.
true
A weakness of social exchange theory is its limited ability to explain behaviors that support the group over the individual.
true
The terms stress and crises are very similar in meaning and can be used interchangeably.
false
Foregoing a reward would not be considered a
true
Both radical feminism and socialist feminism focused on issues pertaining to male oppression and patriarchy
true
According to social exchange theory, rewards include tangible benefits but not intangible benefits.
false
Usually, the standards used to evaluate rewards and costs do NOT vary over time.
false
A family secret of sexual abuse would be considered ambiguous.
true
Social exchange theory is very useful for explaining irrational decisions which are driven by human emotion.
false
Wave 2 was the period of the feminist movement which focused on a woman't rights in politics, education, and employment.
false
By definition, family crises is a change that is so acute that the family system is disorganized, immobilized, and incapacitated.
true
One of the strengths of social exchange theory is its ability to explain many human behaviors.
true
Which dimension of stressor events refers to the duration of a problem?
chronicity
A technique employed to change a person's perception of a stressor event is:
reframing
Wave 2 of the feminist movements focused on each of the following except:
multiple forms of oppression (class, race, religion, etc.)
Which of the following transitions would not be considered normative?
all of the above answers would be considered normative
Tell me how much you now of the ____ of another man and I will tell you how much you love him.
suffering
Which if the following stressor events would not be considered external?
you accept a new job which requires you to move 1200 miles away
Which of the following stressor events would not be considered volitional?
you are laid off from your job due to budget cuts
Which dimension of stressor events refers to the degree of suddenness with which a crisis occurred?
precipitate
The ability of a family to change its rules and roles in the face of a crisis is referred to as:
adaptability
Which dimension of stressor events refers to the degree to which a problem affects the entire system?
pervasiveness
Which dimension of stressor events refers to the degree to which a crisis could be expected or predicted?
randomness
Which of the following branches of feminism focused on the celebration of gender differences?
cultural
Pile up in the double ABC-X model would be most closely related to:
cumulative stressors
ABC-X Model
a- stressor
b- resources
c- definition of situation
x- stress and crisis
Support for a more central role of the middle generation
families in later life
Refocus on midlife marital and career issues
families in adolescents
Accepting a multitude of exits from and entries into the family system
launching children and moving on
Renegotiation of marital system as a dyad
launching children and moving on
Development of intimate peer relationships
leaving home: single young adults
Accepting new members into the system
the joining of families through marriage: the new couple
Differentiation of self from family of origin
leaving home: single young adults
Dealing with disability and death of parents and grandparents
launching children and moving on
Establishment of self with respect to work and financial independence
leaving home: single young adult
Realignment of relationships to include in-laws and grandchildren
launching children and moving on
Joining in child rearing, financial and household tasks
families with young children
Supporting the older generation without over functioning for them
families in later life
Beginning shift toward caring for older generation
families with adolescents
Increasing flexibility of family boundaries to permit children't independence and grandparent's frailties
families with adolescents
entropy
the tendency to move from order to disorder
explicit rules
clearly articulated and acknowledged
homeostasis
maintaing the status quo
open boundaries
highly interactive with the environment
linear causality
stimulus response
identified patient
the symptom bearer
rigid families
little or no ability to change
family cohesion
emotional bonding or closeness
negative feedback
deviation dampening
hierarchy
who has the most power and authority
circular causality
reciprocity and shared responsibility
closed boundaries
extremely private
equilibrium
a balance between stability and change
positive feedback
deviation amplifying
system
interrelated and interdependent parts
a family stage is a time period in the life of a family that is unique in its
all of the above
family development theory proposed that family relationships are not static but rather change over time. the catalysts for family change can include each of the following except:
all of the above
societal expectations that govern both group and individual behaviors are referred to as:
norms
the social expectation that a woman should get married before having children is an example of
sequencing norms
according to family developmental theory, families must be viewed at which of the following levels of analysis
all of the above
the primary "organizer" of the life course (developmental stages) according to developmental theory is
parenthood
according to family systems theory, a system is two or more elements that have a foundry and functional unity which are coordinated in such a way was to accomplish ____.
goals
without new ___ a system will tend to move toward disorganization and greater instability
information
which of the following concepts is associated with a system's ability to accommodate change
morphogeneis
protective self-contained systems which are organized to preserve the status quo and resist change are most likely to have ___ boundaries
closed
which of the following would not be an example of circular causality?
stimulus-respose
family development theory emerged in the late 1940s from a critique of
b and c only
according to family system theory, the locus or source of pathology is within the identified patient
false
one of the criticisms of family developmental theory is that it "normalized" one type of family and invalidated others
true
family developmental theory is not very useful for explaining stress and symptomology experienced by families
false
each stage of the family life cycle is distinct and qualitatively different from the other
true
stages of the family life cycle are precipitated by non-normative events that happen with the passage of time in the life of a family
false
failure to complete a developmental task of one stage has little impact on a family's optimal functioning a the next or later stages
false
one of the strengths of family developmental theory is that it describes the trajectory of intact, two-parent, middle class, heterosexual, lifelong couples and their children
false
family systems seek to maintain stability or equilibrium primarily by avoiding the need for change
false