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Nutrition and Health Final Exam
Terms in this set (27)
What is the difference between food infection and food intoxication?
-Eating foods contaminated with infectious microbes
-Two of the most common pathogens are Campylobacter jejuni and Salmonella
-Bacteria produce toxin that is secreted into food
-Eating foods containing natural toxins or bacterial toxins
-Most common is Staphylococcus aureus; most famous is Clostridium botulinum
Who are the people at risk for food-borne illness?
Infants and preschool-age children
People taking certain medications
People who are seriously ill
What is the danger zone?
Danger zone is 41 F TO 135 F
What should the freezer temperature be?
The freezer temperature should be 0 F
What should the refrigerator temperature be?
The refrigerator temperature should be 40 F
What are the 4 steps to FIGHT BAC
1. clean-wash hands and surfaces
2. separate- don't cross contaminate
3. cook to proper temp.
4. refrigerate- chill properly
Heath risk for food borne illness is mainly from --------
Health risk for food borne illness is mainly from viruses and bacteria
What is ASEPTIC processing
Aseptic processing is a method which food and container are separately sterilized ex: box of milk
What are the foods associated with the following bacteria
Salmonella: poultry and eggs, dairy products, beef
E. coli: ground beef (raw and undercooked), contaminated produce
Listeria: raw meat, unpasteurized milk and milk products, ready-to-eat food including: deli meats, hot dogs, soft cheese
Clostridium botulinum: improperly canned food, ROP food, temperature abused vegetables like: baked potatoes, untreated garlic and-oil mixtures
Which bacterial illness is spread by food handlers
Which bacteria is potentially fatal and found in canned foods?
In which foods are oxalic acids found
found in spinach and strawberries
Where is the Norovirus epidemics found today
its found on "cruise ships" a bug/sickness
What is the cooking temperature for chicken and beef and leftover foods
How to identify food that has been IRRADIATED?
Irridated foods must be identified with the international radura symbol.
Organic food labeling - if the food product contains 100%, 90% or 70% organic ingredients how should these foods be labeled
a.100 % may claim 100 % organic and use seal
b.95% may claim organic and use seal
c.70% may list up to three ingredients on the front of the package c
How long to store meats in the refrigerator and freezer
use refrigerated meats 1-2 days; frozen in 3-4 month period
What are antioxidant additives used in foods today
VITAMIN C AND E ,BHA,BHT
Which is the fastest growing age group among adults
"oldest old" over 85 is fastest growing in US.
How does the body composition change due to aging
lean body mass decreases, bodyfat increases, bmr and strength declines
What does aspirin intake do in the elderly
long term use can lead to anenemia
Which nutrients are most important for elderly
calcium and vitamin D all throughout life
Which is the most neglected nutrient among elderly
lack high quality protein intake
Organ that metabolizes alcohol
Recommendations for alcohol intake for men and women
1 drink per day women no more than 2 for men a day
Where does alcohol metabolism begin
Why do women not tolerate alcohol as well as men
body process alcohol at a lower rate than men
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