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HESI ANATOMY REVIEW

STUDY
PLAY
IN THE PROCESS OF MEIOSIS THE CHROMOSOME NUMBER IS REDUCED FROM 46 TO
23
WHAT ARE TWO EXAMPLES OF INVOLUNTARY MUSCLES
SMOOTH AND CARDIAC MUSCLE
WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF VOLUNTARY MUSCLE
SKELETAL MUSCLE
THE SKINS OUTERMOST PROTECTIVE LAYER IS
EPIDERMIS
THE SECOND LAYER OF SKIN IS THE
DERMIS
THE OUTER LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS IS THE
STRATUM CORNEUM
THE SECOND LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS IS THE
STRATUM LUCIDUM
THE THIRD LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS IS THE
STRATUM GRANULOSUM
THE INNERMOST LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS IS THE
STRATUM GERMINATIVUM
WHICH LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS DOES MITOSIS OCCUR?
STRATUM GERMINATIVUM
MUSCLE CONTRACTION RESULTS FROM THE SLIDING TOGETHER OF
ACTIN AND MYOSIN FILAMENTS
IN ORDER FOR A MUSCLE CELL TO CONTRACT WHAT MUST BE PRESENT
CALCIUM AND ATP
THE MUSCLE THAT EXECUTES A GIVEN MOVEMENT IS THE
PRIME MOVER
THE MUSCLE THAT PRODUCES THE OPPOSITE MOVEMENT IS THE
ANTAGONIST
TRANSMITS THE NERVE IMPULSE TOWARD THE CELL BODY
DENDRITES
TRANSMITS NERVE IMPULSES AWAY FROM THE CELL BODY
AXONS
NEURON THAT TRANSMITS NERVE IMPULSES TOWARD THE CNS
SENSORY (AFFERENT)
NEURONS THAT TRANSMIT NERVE IMPULSES AWAY FROM THE CNS
MOTOR (EFFERENT)
PART OF THE BRAIN ASSOCIATED WITH MOVEMENT AND SENSORY INPUT
CEREBRUM
PART OF THE BRAIN RESPONSIBLE FOR MUSCULAR COORDINATION
CEREBELLUM
PART OF THE BRAIN THAT CONTROLS VITAL FUNCTIONS
MEDULLA OBLONGATA
HOW MANY PAIRS OF SPINAL NERVES EXIT THE SPINAL CORD
31
TYPE OF IMPULSE THAT ENTERS THE DORSAL HORNS OF THE SPINAL CORD
SENSORY IMPULSES
TYPE OF IMPULSE THAT LEAVES THROUGH THE VENTRAL HORNS OF THE SPINAL CORD
MOTOR IMPULSES
WHERE DO THE ENDOCRINE AND NERVOUS SYSTEMS MEET
HYPOTHALAMUS AND PITUITARY GLAND
WHAT GOVERNS THE PITUITARY GLAND
HYPOTHALAMUS
HORMONE THAT ENTERS THE TARGET CELLS AND HAS A DIRECT EFFECT ON THE DNA OF THE NUCLEUS.
STEROID HORMONES
HORMONE THAT REMAINS AT THE CELL SURFACE AND ACT THROUGH A SECOND MESSENGER.
PROTEIN HORMONES
ERYTHROCYTES ARE
RED BLOOD CELLS
LEUKOCYTES ARE
WHITE BLOOD CELLS
WHITE BLOOD CELLS ARE ACTIVE IN PHAGOCYTOSIS
NEUTROPHILS AND MONOCYTES
WBC ARE ACTIVE IN ANTIBODY FORMATION
LYMPHOCYTES
PLATELETS ARE ACTIVE IN THE PROCESS OF
BLOOD CLOTTING
BLOOD IS RECEIVED BY THE _______ AND IS PUMPED INTO CIRCULATION BY THE
ATRIA, VENTRICLES
VALVE BETWEEN THE ATRIA AND VENTRICLES ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE HEART IS
TRICUSPID VALVE
VALVE BETWEEN THE ATRIA AND VENTRICLES ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE HEART
BICUSPID VALVE
VALVES FOUND AT THE ENTRANCES OF THE PULMONARY TRUNK AND THE AORTA
SEMILUNAR VALVES
THE CONTRACTION PHASE OF THE HEART CYCLE IS
SYSTOLE
THE RELAXTION PHASE OF THE HEART CYCLE IS
DIASTOLE
LARGE VEINS THAT EMPTY INTO THE RIGHT ATRIUM OF THE HEart
superior and inferior venae cavae
WHAT HORMONE IS RELEASED FROM THE ADRENAL CORTEX
CORTISOL
WHAT HORMONE DOES THE PINEAL GLAND SECRETE
MELATONIN
WHAT HORMONES DOES THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND SECRETE
GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH,LH, PROLACTIN,
WHAT HORMONE DOES THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND SECRETE
OXYTOCIN, VASOPRESSIN
WHAT HORMONE DOES THE THYROID SECRETE
T3, T4
WHAT DOES THE ADRENAL CORTEX SECRETE
CORTICOSTERIODS
WHAT FUNCTION DOES THE HORMONE CORTICOSTERIODS HAVE
REGULATES SALT AND WATER BALANCE IN THE BODY
WHAT DOES THE ADRENAL MEDULLA SECRETE?
(catecholamines) EPINEPHRINE
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF EPINEPHRINE?
Also called adrenaline, epinephrine increases blood pressure and heart rate when the body experiences stress.
FUNCTION OF ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
SYNTHESIZES PROTEINS
FUNCTION OF SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
SYNTHESIZES LIPIDS AND STEROIDS
where does the actual filtration process occur in the kidneys
glomerulus in Bowman's capsule
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF RIBOSOMES
PRODUCTION OF PROTEINS
MODIFIES AND PACKAGES PROTEINS AND OTHER MACROMOLECULES IN THE CELL
GOLGI APPARATUS
INVOLVED IN DIGESTION WITHIN THE CELL
LYSOSOMES
SACS IN THE CELLS WITH THE ABILITY TO STORE MATERIALS
VACOULES
CARRIES OUT AEROBIC RESPIRATION AND PRODUCES ATP FOR ENERGY
MITOCHONDRIA
GIVES SHAPES ANS STRUCTURE TO THE CELL
CYTOSKELETON
THE PROCESS WHERE PARTICLES MOVE FROM AN AREA OF HIGH CONCENTRATION TO AN AREA OF LOW CONCENTRATION
DIFFUSION
TRANSPORTATION THAT OCCURS FROM A HIGH CONCENTRATION TO A LOW CONCENTRATION NATURALLY AND WITHOUT ANY ADDITIONAL ENERGY INPUT
PASSIVE TRANSPORT
WHAT PHASE OF MITOSIS DOES THE CHROMATIDS DIVIDE
METAPHASE
WHAT PHASE OF MITOSIS DO TWO DAUGHTER CELLS FORM?
TELOPHASE
PHASE OF MITOSIS WHERE CHROMOSOMES MOVE TO THE OPPOSITE POLES OF THE CELL. TWO SETS OF IDENTICAL CHROMOSOMES ON OPPOSITE POLES OF THE CELL
ANAPHASE
PHASE OF MEIOSIS THAT TWO DAUGHTER CELLS ARE FORMED
TELOPHASE
VALVE THAT IS LOCATED BETWEEN THE LEFT ATRIUM AND THE LEFT VENTRICLE
MITRAL VALVE
VALVE LOCATED BETWEEN THE RIGHT VENTRICLE AND PULMONARY ARTERY
PULMONARY
VALVE LOCATED BETWEEN THE LEFT VENTRICLE AND THE AORTA
AORTIC
VALVE LOCATED BETWEEN THE RIGHT ATRIUM AND THE RIGHT VENTRICLE
TRICUSPID